There Are Only Two Things That Make The Stock Market Go Down. And Overvaluation Isn't One Of Them

Even after 2013’s 30% rally, the stock market continues to grind higher. On Wednesday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average booked a record-high close.

Meanwhile, market bears are waiting for things to turn south.

But in a recent research note, Gluskin Sheff’s David Rosenberg notes that stocks don’t fall just because they have gone up a lot.

“We go into fundamental bear markets either when the Fed overtightens, when the economy heads into recession, or both,” he said.

Rosenberg presented this chart showing 12-month returns in the S&P 500 since 1969. As you can see, downturns typically coincide with recessions (shaded area).

It’s particularly interesting to see that 30%+ rallies over 12-month periods — like what we saw last year — happen pretty regularly.

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