It happens all the time. A new album comes out, you listen to it, and before you know it, you have a new favourite song. So you play it again. And again. And again. It’s on loop for days: in the car, at home. Maybe you even hum it to yourself while you work.
But then, all of the sudden, it changes. You get sick of that same song you once loved.
The brain listening to music
Every time we listen to music, our brain responds.
Researchers have shown, using fMRI brain scans, that when listening to music, not only does the auditory cortex (that part of the brain responsible for processing sounds) light up, but other parts do as well, including brain regions involved in movement, planning, attention and memory.
This means when we listen to music, we aren’t just processing sound. We are involved. We are focusing and learning. Sometimes we even “feel” the song.
“We have a lot of measures demonstrating that people are experiencing this participatory sense when they are listening to music,” Margulis told to Business Insider. The involvement of the motor parts of the brain is also why we sometimes feel the urge to tap our feet along to the beat, or rock out with an air guitar.
Falling in love with the song
When we like a song, we are more likely to listen to it again, and by doing so, we are starting the cycle of “falling in love” with it. A study in PLOS ONE found that more of the brain’s emotional circuitry tends to be active when we listen to music we are familiar with. In other words, we are more likely to experience an emotional reaction.
The second time you listen, your brain also has an easier time processing it. In other words, Margulis said, “your brain can handle [the song] better because it knows what to predict about it [and] your brain understands it.” Each additional listen only amplifies this effect.
In fact, research by Swedish psychologist Alf Gabrielsson found that when people had really pleasurable experiences with music, they sometimes reported “losing themselves” to the melody for its duration. “Repetition is really helping that happen,” Margulis explained. “It is helping you embody the tune.”
That is, until all this repetition gets old.
Why we get sick of it
At some point, a contravening force kicks in, Margulis said, and makes us want to start looking for something new to explore and learn about. “If we keep revisiting the same place again and again and again, we never learn,” she said. “So there is a competing drive to explore and find new things.” In other words, your brain is no longer surprised by what it hears and a different instinct drives you away from it so you can find a new song to discover and love.
And then, it begins all over again.
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