Why do some startups succeed and others fail?
In it, they answer things like:
- Do first time entrepreneurs have it harder?
- What’s in a VC’s name?
- Are successful entrepreneurs skilled or just lucky?
After scouring the 35 page document, here are the fascinating answers to all of those questions and more.
Answer: Yup. Serial entrepreneurs are more likely to build successful startups.
According to the Harvard researchers, there is performance persistence in entrepreneurship.
They write, 'All else equal, a venture-capital-backed entrepreneur who succeeds in a venture (by our definition, starts a company that goes public) has a 30% chance of succeeding in his next venture. By contrast, first-time entrepreneurs have only an 18% chance of succeeding and entrepreneurs who previously failed have a 20% chance of succeeding.'
Who is more likely to get a VC's check; a founder who failed at their last venture or a founder who succeeded?
Answer: Successful entrepreneurs are skilled at timing the market
According to the Harvard paper, 'The industry-year success rate in the first venture is the best predictor of success in the subsequent venture. Entrepreneurs who succeeded by investing in a good industry and year (e.g., computers in 1983) are far more likely to succeed in their subsequent ventures than those who succeeded by doing better than other firms founded in the same industry and year (e.g., succeeding in computers in 1985).
'More importantly, entrepreneurs who invest in a good industry-year are more likely to invest in a good industry-year in their next ventures, even after controlling for differences in overall success rates across industries. Thus, it appears that market timing ability is an attribute of entrepreneurs.'
Entrepreneurs with previous successes can get their hands on more capital and services if suppliers think they are persistent performers.
'For example, high-quality engineers or scientists may be more interested in joining a company started by an entrepreneur who previously started a company in a good industry and year if they believe (justifiably given the evidence) that this track record increases the likelihood of success,' they write.
Answer: Yes, with one exception (see next slide).
The reason these companies are more successful either because top VCs are better at identifying potential success, or it's because they're able to add more value to companies they fund. The Harvard paper assumes both.
Answer: If a startup is founded by previously successful entrepreneurs, then the VC firm doesn't really matter.
Basically, since successful entrepreneurs can easily obtain services and they have a better chance at success, then they really don't need guidance from top VCs provide.
Harvard explains, 'If successful entrepreneurs are better, then top-tier venture capital firms have no advantage identifying them (because success is public information) and they add little value. And, if successful entrepreneurs have an easier time attracting high-quality resources and customers, then top-tier venture capital firms add little value.
Answer: From former employers.
Make sure employees sign those non-competes!
The Harvard paper cites a 2000 study by Bhide that finds 'a substantial fraction of the Inc. 500 got their idea for their new company while working at their prior employer.'
Answer: Not usually. The same venture capital firm that funded you before probably won't give you money again.
You'd think successful entrepreneurs would have no problem getting funding from venture capital firms that previously backed them...but you'd be wrong.
According to a 2007 study by Bengtsson, 'it's rare for serial entrepreneurs to receive funding from the same venture capital firm across multiple ventures.'
Answer: Serial entrepreneurs receive venture capital faster than first-time entrepreneurs.
If you're established, it's easier to convince VCs you're worth betting on. 'While 45% of first-time ventures receive initial venture capital funding at an early stage, close to 60% of entrepreneurs receive initial venture capital funding at an early stage when it is their second or later venture.'
It takes an average of 21 months for established entrepreneurs to secure VC funding compared to 37 months for first-timers.
Answer: New entrepreneurs.
They were found to have higher initial pre-money valuations than serial entrepreneurs: $12.3 million compared to $16.0 million for first-time founders.