All of these food apps have one powerful piece of psychological marketing in common

There’s a reason several popular apps for ordering takeout and making restaurant reservations look similar and it could be making you more hungry.

In addition to quickly connecting people to their food, OpenTable, UrbanSpoon, Seamless, GrubHub, and Yelp all have one other key element in common: red logos.

Grouped together, the apps’ visual similarities are undeniable. Each brand features their own unique shade of red highlighted by white accents.

Scientists and marketing professionals have often drawn connections between colours and the types of reactions people have towards them. People associate different feelings with different colours. A blue logo might evoke calmness, for example, while purple is often associated with luxury.

The colour red can signify power and passion, and elicits such strong reactions that wearing the colour can make a person seem more persuasive.

Colours also have strong associations when it comes to food. The colour red is said to increase appetite and even caloric intake, while a less naturally occurring colour, like blue, can deter people from eating. It’s a physical reaction.

“Red increases the pulse and heart rate, and raises your blood pressure. It increases the appetite by increasing your metabolism,” explains Psychologist World.

Red is so linked to the human subconscious, scholars have deduced that it was the first colour humans were able to identify after black and white.

Colour has become a key element in corporate branding. Jenn David Connolly, a creative strategist who works with brands like Williams Sonoma, explains this importance on her company website, Jenn David Design.

“Colour influences consumers not only on the conscious level but also on the subconscious level,” Connolly writes. The idea is to “reinforce flavour visually… to trigger as many senses as possible, even subconsciously,” she explains.

This subconscious connection between colour and human response is not lost on GrubHub and Seamless‘s Group Creative Director, Rich McClellan.

“We generally veer towards the warmer colour palette. Reds, oranges and yellows convey warmth, and red is even attributed to increasing appetite,” McClellan told Business Insider. “Both the GrubHub and Seamless brand colours are red. We use it often as backgrounds with food, and the contrast and general warmth have proven to work really well for us.”

OpenTable, a popular app for making restaurant reservations, also considered the human response to red when deciding what colour to use branding the app.

“Colour is secretly one of my favourite topics,” OpenTable brand design manager Kate VandenBerghe told Business Insider.
“The thing that kept bringing us back to red was its relationship to food and photography: beautiful dishes, fresh ingredients, and just the warmth on an experience.”

OpenTable did not start out with a red logo. The platform colours were originally a combination of a sea foam green and a wine colour, explained VandenBerghe.

The company relaunched their app at the Apple keynote for iOS 7 in 2014, including their new signature colour, “Early Girl” red. “Early Girl” is named after tomato that VandenBerghe and her team found at a local farmer’s market where they where looking for organic inspiration to rebrand OpenTable.

“It’s such a cute tomato,” she said. “Well, at least as cute as a tomato can be.”

Many shades were considered, but VandenBerghe explained that “Early Girl” was a clear favourite from the beginning.

“We felt like it looked great because the colour really connected with our new brand, which was all about the experience of eating and helping people have a great dining experience,” she said

“There are tons of companies in the food space that are red, but we felt for what OpenTable is offering its users, red was an undeniable choice, that cue of always tying back to food,” VandenBerghe told BI.

Yelp’s takeout ordering platform, Eat24, chose red more for its attention-grabbing qualities than for its subconscious connection to food.

“Red is vibrant and in your face, which is perfect for Eat24 because our mission is putting food in your face,” Eat24’s founder, Nadav Sharon, told BI. “That didn’t seem like a very good tagline, so we said it with a colour instead.”

There are some studies that show people who are served food on red plates could actually eat less than those who are served on plates of other colours. But as Connolly pointed out to BI, “it’s no coincidence that major chains, like McDonalds, have branding colours that feature red, its a colour that has always been strongly associated with hunger and eating.”

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