Microsoft just passed Apple to become the most valuable tech company — here's why Apple has been in such a slump

Chip Somodevilla/Getty ImagesApple CEO Tim Cook.
  • Apple stock is on pace to have its worst month since 2008, dropping 21% and wiping out over $US200 billion in value.
  • In fact, Apple lost its crown as the most valuable US company to Microsoft this week.
  • Here’s why investors have been so negative on Apple lately.

Apple stock is having a terrible month.

Though it’s still up by just under 3% on the year, it’s been deeply slumping in November, having fallen by 21% in the month at a cost of over $US200 billion in market value. On November 1, Apple announced it would no longer reveal how many iPhones it sold in a given quarter, leading analysts to speculate that the company expected unit sales to start trending downward.

That has been a big contributor to the rout. In fact, Apple has now lost its crown as the most valuable US company – to Microsoft! The company that was once the first $US1 trillion publicly traded company is now not even the most valuable US company.

When markets opened Wednesday morning, Apple’s market cap was at $US833 billion. Microsoft’s was slightly higher at $US838 billion, according to Bloomberg data.

Ultimately, it’s all shaping up to be Apple’s worst month since 2008, during the financial crisis.

There are a lot of reasons Apple is in a slump. Let’s break them down:


1. The global smartphone market is slumping and shrinking, with only a slight glimmer of hope in the future. Apple, which makes 61% of its revenue selling iPhones, is not exempt.

Sean Gallup/Getty Images

“According to preliminary data from the International Data Corporation Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, smartphone vendors shipped a total of 355.2 million units during the third quarter of 2018, resulting in a year-over-year decline of 6.0%. This was the fourth consecutive quarter of year-over-year declines for the global smartphone market, which raises questions about the market’s future. IDC maintains its view that the market will return to growth in 2019, but at this stage it is too early to tell what that growth will look like.” –International Data Corporation


2. But a lot of signs also point to slower demand for Apple’s iPhones specifically, especially the new midrange iPhone XR, which costs $US750. Several Apple suppliers that make parts for that device have slashed their forecasts in recent weeks.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

“October sales for AAPL’s Taiwanese suppliers were better than seasonal given the delayed iPhone XR release. We expect a sharp reversal in this dynamic, with spot checks late last week highlighting 20-30% iPhone order cuts related principally to the iPhone XR and XS Max, that 20-25% order increases for the 8/8 Plus and older iPhone models will only partially offset,”theLongbow analyst Shawn Harrison wrote in a November 12 note.

“Some preliminary checks confirm Lumentum’s commentary this morning regarding very recent iPhone order cuts, which supports cautious commentary from Skyworks last week. In our very preliminary checks, we’re hearing of 20% order cuts for the XR, as well as ~5% cuts to XS and XS Max build plans,”theRaymond James analyst Chris Caso wrote in a November 12 note.

“This morning Apple supplier Lumentum updated much weaker guidance for the next quarter just 10 days after guiding to a higher revenue expectation. The company noted the following ‘We recently received a request from one of our largest Industrial and Consumer customers for laser diodes for 3D sensing to materially reduce shipments to them during our fiscal second quarter for previously placed orders that were originally scheduled for delivery during the quarter,'” theBank of America Merrill Lynch analyst Wamsi Mohan wrote on November 12.


3. There are also major concerns about emerging-market economies, where consumer confidence may be waning. A strong dollar isn’t helping.

“In addition to weakness in demand for Apple’s products in China and other emerging markets it also looks like the balance of price and features in the iPhone XR may not have been well-received by users outside of the US,” the Goldman Sachs analyst Rod Hall wrote in a November 19 note.

“China could be driving incremental weakness. On the FQ1’19 call, Apple indicated macro and foreign exchange driven consumer weakness in emerging markets such as Russia, Brazil, Turkey, and India,” Hall wrote on November 12.

“Ultimately, we believe Apple continues to face FX headwinds given ongoing USD appreciation against key global currencies. In China, given USD/CNY, the supply chain suggests many consumers are opting for high-end models w/similar specs from local competitors rather than the XR,” the UBS analyst Timothy Arcuri wrote on November 14.


4. Apple faces challenges on several fronts in China, where it is facing increased regulation as well as stiff competition from Chinese tech giants like Huawei.

“We have reduced our iPhone XR shipment estimation from 100 million units to 70 million during the new product lifecycle for the following reasons: 1) Negative impacts on consumer confidence from the trade war, especially in the Chinese market, 2) expectations from more users for more affordable XR or the dual-camera and narrower bezel design to be provided at the current price level, and 3) competition from Huawei’s Mate 20 series,” theTF International Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo wrote in a November 12 note.

“China remains a wild card and the biggest risk to further pressure on iPhone demand next year,” Morgan Stanley’s Katy Huberty wrote on November 15.

“Could [China] try to disrupt Apple’s supply chain in some way? Could they not authorise new phones for sale in the country? There are many things that China could do and that could ultimately be even more devastating,” Bernstein’s Toni Sacconaghi said on CNBC.


5. The iPhone could also be subject to new tariffs threatened by President Donald Trump. Because Apple does a lot of manufacturing in Asia and China specifically, tariffs could raise the price of Apple products, potentially hurting sales.

“While we ultimately believe this is all part of a broader negotiation with China as talks heat up over the next week, now Cook and Apple find themselves squarely at the center of the tariff talks which were previously background noise as investors try to gauge what a potential 10% tariff on iPhones and other products would do to demand and unit growth over the next 6 to 12 months if ultimately imposed,” Wedbush’s Dan Ives wrote in a November 26 note.


Some analysts see bright spots, though — especially Apple’s online services business, which makes money from selling stuff like iCloud and AppleCare warranties to Apple’s existing iPhone users and other customers.

GettyApple CEO Tim Cook.

“We think the market underestimates both growth and value impact of Apple’s Services business. With a maturing, more engaged iOS user base and broadening portfolio of Services, we believe Services represents the key growth driver for Apple over the next 5 years,” theMorgan Stanley analyst Katy Huberty wrote on November 8.

“While the market read announced changes to Apple financial disclosures negatively last week, we view it as a corroborating data point that Apple is approaching a services-led margin inflection, similar to when Amazon began breaking out AWS revenue and profits,” she continued.

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