Before the US Anti-Doping Agency found that his team ran “the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen,” Lance Armstrong did what no one had ever done: He won the Tour de France seven times, and he did so consecutively, from 1999 to 2005.
As we know now, his victories were aided by a variety of performance-enhancing drugs.
But Armstrong didn’t act alone, and it was, darkly so, a true team effort. A calculating tactician, Armstrong handpicked teammates carefully, and together they represented sport’s most dominant team. An indelible image from the era was that of the US Postal Service’s “Blue Train” setting a blistering pace at the front of the peloton, one that for years no one could match, let alone beat.
More than a decade later, many of the key riders who served under Armstrong’s tainted reign are still involved in the sport.
Tyler Hamilton helped Armstrong win Tours by leading him through the Alps and Pyrenees. He later admitted doping during his career.
He now lives in Missoula, Montana, and runs a company that coaches cyclists. He wrote a tell-all best-seller, 'The Secret Race,' about his doping adventures with Armstrong.
Christian Vande Velde rode on the first two of Armstrong's Tour-winning teams. He later admitted doping during his career.
Kevin Livingston was a climber who rode on two of Armstrong's Tour-winning teams. A French Senate report accused Livingston of using EPO in the 1998 Tour.
He now lives in Austin, Texas, where he runs a company that coaches cyclists; it's located in the basement of Mellow Johnny's Bike Shop, which is owned by Armstrong.
Floyd Landis was an all-rounder who helped Armstrong win Tours and won one himself. He, too, was stripped of his Tour title because of PEDs.
Levi Leipheimer was an all-rounder who rode with Armstrong on a few different teams at the Tour. He later admitted doping during his career.
Dave Zabriskie was a strong time-trial rider and a teammate of Armstrong for a few years. He later admitted doping during his career.
Tom Danielson was hailed as 'the next Lance Armstrong,' and though he didn't ride the Tour de France as a teammate of Armstrong, they were teammates for a few years. He later admitted doping during his career.
Frankie Andreu was a cocaptain of the US Postal team with Armstrong in 1998, 1999, and 2000. He later admitted doping during his career.
He still lives in the Detroit area and now works in domestic cycling as a race commentator, announcer, and journalist.
George Hincapie was Armstrong's most loyal and trusted teammate, and the only person to ride on all seven of Armstrong's Tour-winning teams. He later admitted doping during his career.
He now lives in Greenville, South Carolina, where he runs a cycling-apparel company and a mass-participation bike ride. He wrote a book, 'The Loyal Lieutenant,' about his career.
He now lives in Madrid and London. USADA handed him a 10-year ban from cycling for being 'at the apex of a conspiracy to commit widespread doping.'
Armstrong made history by winning a record seven Tours de France but was later stripped of his titles because he used performance-enhancing drugs.
He now owns multimillion-dollar properties in Aspen, Colorado, and Austin, Texas, but he's facing a $100 million lawsuit that could bring financial ruin. He is banned for life from cycling. He said he has sought counseling since his doping confession.
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