De Beers, ranked No 1 miner of rough diamonds, has confirmed ongoing speculation that it is actively seeking additional funding of around US$1bn from its three shareholders. If that amount is provided, by way of loans or fresh equity, the proportional contribution would be US$450m from Anglo American, US$400m from the Oppenheimer family, and US$150m from the Botswana government.
In line with most commodity prices, rough diamonds plunged into a trough around mid-2008. Most prices have recovered well by now, but it seems that diamonds remain somewhat behind the curve. At De Beers, however, a culmination of disparate factors have left what was one of the world’s most influential miners on its proverbial cash flow knees.
De Beers, a private company, publishes limited financial data, but enough to show that in the past three-and-a-half years, it has generated negative free cash flow (operating cash flow less capital expenditure) aggregating at minus US$864m. Part of the explanation lies in significant capital expenditure, at US$1.2bn in 2006 and US$1.5bn in 2007, mainly dedicated to building new mines in Canada.