The sale, which leaves Buffett with nearly no shares in Walmart, comes as America’s largest traditional retailer has been rushing to catch up to Amazon and other online competitors. Amazon’s market value is now $US356 billion, compared with Walmart’s $US298 billion. Buffett last year acknowledged that traditional brick-and-mortar retailers were struggling in the face of competition from the e-commerce giant.
“It is a big, big force and it has already disrupted plenty of people and it will disrupt more,” Buffett said at his annual shareholders’ meeting in 2016, according to Bloomberg. Buffett’s been paring his stake in Walmart since then. He first bought shares in the retailer back in 2005.
He also noted that Amazon’s competitors, “including us in a few areas, have not figured the way to either participate in it, or to counter it.”
Since the end of 2014, Walmart shares have fallen 21% compared with a 119% jump in Amazon.
Former Walmart CEO Mike Duke admitted in 2012 that his biggest regret as CEO was not investing more in e-commerce to better compete with Amazon.
“I wish we had moved faster. We’ve proven ourselves to be successful in many areas, and I simply wonder why we didn’t move more quickly. This is especially true for e-commerce,” Duke said at the time. “Right now we’re making tremendous progress, and the business is moving, but we should have moved faster to expand this area.”
While Walmart has since invested billions in e-commerce, it still holds a tiny share of the market compared with Amazon.
Walmart’s online sales were $US13.7 billion in 2015, compared to Amazon’s $US107 billion. Walmart is still ahead in overall sales with $US482 billion, four times bigger than Amazon’s revenue.
Buffett’s retail instincts have proven correct before when he correctly predicted the downfall of Sears and Kmart in 2005.
“Retailing is like shooting at a moving target,” Buffett said. “Turning around a retailer that has been slipping for a long time would be very difficult. Can you think of an example of a retailer that was successfully turned around?”
Sears has since closed hundreds of stores and seems to be headed for bankruptcy. Macy’s and JCPenney are also closing hundreds of stores across America.
While Walmart’s footprint hasn’t shrunk, many analysts say America is still over-stored.
The US has 23.5 square feet of retail space per person, compared with 16.4 square feet in Canada and 11.1 square feet in Australia — the next two countries with the highest retail space per capita, according to a Morningstar report from October.