These 22 Charts Reveal Who Serves In America’s Military

Fort Hamilton Ceremony

Even as the Pentagon plans significant troop reductions, the U.S. Armed Forces remain by far the most powerful and most expensive military in the world.

But who makes up America’s over 1.3 million active personnel and its over 800,000 reserves, and how is the composition of the military changing?

To answer these questions, we turned primarily to data from a 2012 Department of Defence report.

One of the notable trends is a rise in minority officers, though minority groups are still underrepresented among officers.

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[slide
permalink=”since-1995-the-army-marines-and-coast-guard-have-grown-in-active-duty-members-while-the-air-force-and-navy-have-shrunk-1″
title=”Since 1995, the Army, Marines, and Coast Guard have grown in active duty members, while the Air Force and Navy have shrunk.”
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[slide
permalink=”nearly-half-of-all-military-personnel-are-associated-with-the-army-whether-in-active-duty-reserves-or-national-guard-2″
title=”Nearly half of all military personnel are associated with the Army, whether in Active Duty, Reserves, or National Guard.”
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[slide
permalink=”84-of-military-members-are-enlisted-3″
title=”84% of military members are enlisted.”
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[slide
permalink=”enlistment-rates-vary-widely-throughout-the-united-states-with-florida-and-maine-being-notably-overrepresented-4″
title=”Enlistment rates vary widely throughout the United States, with Florida and Maine being notably overrepresented.”
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[slide
permalink=”the-percentage-of-women-in-the-armed-forces-has-remained-around-16-in-recent-years-5″
title=”The percentage of women in the armed forces has remained around 16% in recent years.”
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[slide
permalink=”the-air-force-had-the-highest-rates-of-female-members-the-marines-had-the-lowest-6″
title=”The Air Force had the highest rates of female members; the Marines had the lowest.”
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image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e112ececad04f172d8b0e8″
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[slide
permalink=”the-majority-of-active-duty-personnel-are-white-at-70-but-white-americans-are-actually-underrepresented-in-the-military-as-they-represent-78-of-the-us-population-7″
title=”The majority of active duty personnel are white at 70%, but white Americans are actually underrepresented in the military, as they represent 78% of the U.S. population.”
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image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e1133deab8ea5825a95133″
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[slide
permalink=”white-americans-are-proportionally-represented-when-it-comes-to-officers-at-78-8″
title=”White Americans are proportionally represented when it comes to officers at 78%”
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[slide
permalink=”since-1995-there-has-been-a-rapid-increase-in-the-number-of-minorities-serving-as-officers-across-all-branches-of-the-military-9″
title=”Since 1995, there has been a rapid increase in the number of minorities serving as officers across all branches of the military.”
content=””
image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e114836da811aa3051b1c5″
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[slide
permalink=”despite-the-increase-in-minority-officers-the-ratio-of-minority-officers-to-minority-enlisted-is-lower-than-the-dods-total-ratio-of-officers-to-enlisted-minorities-are-particularly-underrepresented-in-the-navy-with-a-ratio-of-one-officer-for-every-107-personnel-10″
title=”Despite the increase in minority officers, the ratio of minority officers to minority enlisted is lower than the DoD’s total ratio of officers to enlisted. Minorities are particularly underrepresented in the Navy, with a ratio of one officer for every 10.7 personnel.”
content=”The total ratio for Active Duty minority officers to minority enlisted personnel is 1 to 6.9, significantly lower than the DoD’s total ratio of one officer to ever 4.8 personnel. Minorities are particularly underrepresented in the Navy, with the ratio of one minority officer to every 10.7 minority personnel.”
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[slide
permalink=”mirroring-active-duty-the-race-breakdown-of-the-reserves-show-that-the-force-is-predominantly-white-11″
title=”Mirroring Active Duty, the race breakdown of the Reserves show that the force is predominantly White.”
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image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e242e169bedd1c70fccb5c”
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[slide
permalink=”minorities-in-the-reserves-make-up-less-than-20-of-the-officers-in-the-force-12″
title=”Minorities in the Reserves make up less than 20% of the officers in the force.”
content=””
image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e242d06da811831820f4f5″
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[slide
permalink=”since-1995-the-percentage-of-minorities-in-the-army-and-marine-corps-fell-although-it-increased-within-the-dod-as-a-whole-13″
title=”Since 1995, the percentage of minorities in the Army and Marine Corps fell, although it increased within the DoD as a whole.”
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[slide
permalink=”almost-half-of-all-those-serving-in-active-duty-are-younger-than-25-and-only-56-of-those-serving-are-41-or-older-14″
title=”Almost half of all those serving in Active Duty are younger than 25 and only 5.6% of those serving are 41 or older.”
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[slide
permalink=”in-the-reserves-almost-one-fifth-of-personnel-are-41-or-older-and-less-than-40-of-personnel-are-25-or-younger-15″
title=”In the Reserves, almost one fifth of personnel are 41 or older and less than 40% of personnel are 25 or younger.”
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[slide
permalink=”almost-the-entirety-of-active-duty-enlisted-personnel-have-at-least-a-high-school-diploma-or-a-ged-equivalent-almost-a-fifth-of-enlisted-members-have-some-sort-of-college-degree-16″
title=”Almost the entirety of Active Duty enlisted personnel have at least a high school diploma or a GED equivalent. Almost a fifth of enlisted members have some sort of college degree.”
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[slide
permalink=”over-80-of-active-duty-officers-have-at-least-a-bachelors-degree-17″
title=”Over 80% of Active Duty officers have at least a bachelor’s degree.”
content=””
image=”http://static.businessinsider.com/image/53e1158f6da811ac3651b1c4″
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[slide
permalink=”since-1995-there-has-been-a-slight-trend-towards-enlisted-active-duty-members-having-higher-rates-of-a-college-education-in-the-same-time-period-there-was-an-increase-in-officers-having-only-a-high-school-diploma-18″
title=”Since 1995, there has been a slight trend towards enlisted Active Duty members having higher rates of a college education. In the same time period, there was an increase in officers having only a high school diploma.”
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[slide
permalink=”slightly-over-half-of-all-active-duty-members-are-married-19″
title=”Slightly over half of all Active Duty members are married.”
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[slide
permalink=”the-army-became-the-branch-with-the-highest-marriage-rate-in-2011-20″
title=”The Army became the branch with the highest marriage rate in 2011.”
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[slide
permalink=”almost-half-of-all-members-of-the-armed-services-436-have-children-21″
title=”Almost half of all members of the Armed Services, 43.6%, have children.”
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[slide
permalink=”since-the-start-of-the-global-war-on-terror-6831-us-servicemembers-have-died-for-their-country-22″
title=”Since the start of the Global War on Terror, 6,831 U.S. servicemembers have died for their country.”
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[slide
permalink=”youve-seen-who-serves-in-the-us-military–23″
title=”You’ve seen who serves in the U.S. Military …”
content=”(image url=’http://static.businessinsider.com/image/51a520796bb3f7d376000009-1200-924/ptr38.jpg’ alt=’West Point’ link=’lightbox’ size=’secondary’ align=’right’ clear=’true’)

Now check out where some of America’s top military leaders studied┬╗


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