A recent New York Times report uncovered a secret cyber operation to derail North Korea’s nuclear missile program that has been raging for three years.
Essentially, the report attributes North Korea’s high rate of failure with Russian-designed missiles to US meddling in their missile software and networks.
Though North Korea’s missile infrastructure lacks the competence of Russia’s, Russians using the same type of missiles achieved a 13% failure rate, while North Korean attempts failed a whopping 88% of the time, according to the report.
But to those in the know, the cyber campaign against North Korea came as no surprise. Dr. Ken Geers, a cyber security expert for NATO with experience in the NSA, told Business Insider that cyber operations, like the one against North Korea are actually the norm.
While the fact that the US hacked another country’s missile program may be shocking to some, “within military intelligence spaces, this is what they do,” said Geers. “If you think that war is possible with a given state, you’re going to be trying to prepare the battle space for conflict. In the internet age, that means hacking,”
However, North Korea’s internal networks are fiercely insulated and not connect to the larger internet, which poses a challenge for hackers in the US, but it’s “absolutely not the case” that computers need to connect to the internet to be hacked.
A recent report on Russian hacking in the New Yorker detailed one case where Russia gained access to a NATO computer network in 1996 by placing bugged thumb drives for sale in local shops near a NATO base in Kabul. NATO operators bought the thumb drives, used them on the network, and just like that, the Russians were in.
“That’s where SIGINT (signals intelligence) or COMINT (communications intelligence) comes into collaboration with HUMINT (human intelligence),” said Geers, who described the present moment as the “golden age of espionage,” as cyber warfare remains nonlethal, unattributable, and almost completely unpunished.
But the recent missile salvo from North Korea shows that even a prolonged, sophisticated cyber attack can’t completely derail North Korea’s nuclear missile program.
“Imagine you’re the president — North Korea is a human rights abuser and an exporter of dangerous technology. Responsible governments really need to think about ways to handle North Korea, and one of the options is regime change,” said Geers.
Furthermore, Geers said that due to the limited number of servers and access points to North Korea’s very restricted internet, “if it ever came to cyber war between the us and North Korea, it would be an overwhelming victory for the West.”
“North Korea can do a Sony attack or attack the White House, but that’s cause that’s the nature of cyberspace. But if war came, you’d see Cyber Command wipe out most other countries’ pretty quickly,” said Geers.
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