The US Coast Guard just turned 227 years old -- here are 34 jaw-dropping photos of the branch in action

Last weekend marked the 227th anniversary of the creation of the US Coast Guard.

One of the five service branches in the US military, the Coast Guard is responsible for maritime rescue, drug interdiction, smuggling prevention, and humanitarian-aid distribution.

Tracing its history to August 4, 1790, the Coast Guard now operates throughout US internal waterways, the coasts, and even distant international waters.

In honour of the Coast Guard’s 227 years of service, we have collected some of the most amazing images of it in a range of missions.

The Coast Guard in Alaska operates in some of the most isolated parts of the US. Here, a Coast Guard vessel gets underway during a winter Bering Sea patrol.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Klingenberg/US Coast Guard

Before taking part in operations, Coast Guard service members must receive substantial training, including in how to rescue people from icy waters.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Grant DeVuyst/US Coast Guard

Crew members of Alaskan Coast Guard ships conduct 100-yard survival swims in 39-degree waters.

Ensign Katelyn Dacimo/US Coast Guard

Here, a boatswain's mate conducts surface-rescue training in Hogg Bay, in Alaska's Prince William Sound.

US Coast Guard

Coast Guardsmen also receive weapons training. Here, units conduct night-fire exercises with an M-240B machine gun.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Christopher M. Yaw/US Coast Guard

US Coast Guard members practice shooting a 50-calibre machine gun at night during a deployment aboard Coast Guard Cutter Stratton.

US Coast Guard/Petty Officer Bryan Goff

The Coast Guard must be ready for any scenario in Alaska's unforgiving conditions. Here, a crew trains at recovering oil in ice-strewn water to help prepare for possible spills.

Petty Officer 2nd Class Kelly Parker/US Coast Guard

Here, members of the Coast Guard fire-and-rescue team battle a simulated fire to prepare for an actual aircraft-fire emergency.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Klingenberg/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard routinely practices for helicopter-evacuation missions at sea, too.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Lally/US Coast Guard

An Air Station Corpus Christi MH-65 Dolphin helicopter lands on Coast Guard Cutter Dauntless on November 14, 2013.

US Coast Guard/Petty Officer 3rd Class Manda M. Emery

And the training is put to good use. Here, an Alaska Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter rescues two crew members from a stranded fishing boat after it ran aground.

Don Kluting/Sitka Mountain Rescue/US Coast Guard

Coast Guard members train for rescue in all situations and scenarios. Here, the Coast Guard conducts a maritime helicopter-rescue training session off of Cape Cod.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Ross Ruddell/US Coast Guard

Rescue training can get pretty intense. Here, a Coast Guard aviation survival technician is lowered from a helicopter during a cliffside rescue exercise in Washington state.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Klingenberg/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard is also responsible for breaking the ice in northern ports for tankers. Here, a Coast Guard cutter breaks the ice near Nome, Alaska, so that a Russian tanker could offload almost 1.3 million gallons of petroleum products to the city.

Chief Petty Officer Kip Wadlow/US Coast Guard

Cutting through the ice is a team effort. Here, a Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter ascends from Nome after providing ice reconnaissance during the escort of the Russian tanker.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Grant DeVyust/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard specialises in these kinds of icy conditions. Here's the USCG Polar Star in Antarctica.

US Coast Guard

Here, Coast Guard crew members aboard the Polar Star help to free an Australian fishing vessel trapped in Antarctic ice.

Petty Officer 1st Class George Degener/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard keeps open fast-freezing shipping lanes in the Great Lakes as well. Here, crew members from the USCG Cutter Bristol Bay take a dip in Lake Erie at sunset, with a Canadian coast-guard ship in the background. The two vessels created a path through the ice early in the day.

Chief Petty Officer Nick Gould/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard helps to conduct scientific experiments over the Arctic as well. In this photo, crew members deploy probes that measure sea temperature, salinity, and density to gain a better understanding of the Arctic during the summer season.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Klingenberg/US Coast Guard

Members of an ice-rescue team survey an ice sheet before allowing crew and passengers of a vessel to disembark.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Grant DeVuyst/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard constantly looks to improve its capabilities. Here, Arktos Developments displays its amphibious Arctic craft, with heavy tank-style treads that can move through snow.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Grant DeVuyst/US Coast Guard

Keeping equipment in working order is difficult in Alaska, and a matter of life and death for the Coast Guard. Here, a distress-team leader clears ice and snow from solar panels that power a microwave link site for communications in western Alaska.

Petty Officer 1st Class Sara Francis/US Coast Guard

Another key job of the Coast Guard is to maintain navigation service aids throughout the waters around Alaska. Here, an electronics technician is lowered to a communication and navigation station on an island in Cold Bay.

Petty Officer 2nd Class Jay Tracy/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard helps preserve the environment, too. Part of the branch's job is fisheries enforcement and making sure that vessels don't exceed their legal fishing limit to ensure that the ecosystem stays intact.

US Coast Guard

Outside of Alaska, the Coast Guard fills a multitude of other roles, including maritime law enforcement. Here, south of Puerto Rico, Coast Guard aircraft follow and identify two alleged smugglers.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jon-Paul Rios/US Coast Guard

The Coast Guard is also tasked with interdicting drugs that may be smuggled into the US along various waterways.

Chief Warrant Officer Donnie Brzuska/US Coast Guard

A Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team investigates a self-propelled semisubmersible interdicted in international waters off the coast of Central America on July 19, 2015.

US Coast Guard/Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone

The Coast Guard also plays a key role in ensuring that the nation's most important ports are secure. Here, Coast Guard members demonstrate tactical small-boat operations in Honolulu Harbour.

Petty Officer 2nd Class Tara Molle/US Coast Guard

In Puget Sound, the Coast Guard carries out frequent security operations to protect ferries that shuttle more than 22 million people in and out of Seattle each year.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Ryan Kellogg/US Coast Guard

And in New York Harbour, the Coast Guard ensures that shipping lanes stay open and protects against any potential acts of terrorism.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Frank J. Iannazzo-Simmons/US Coast Guard

A boat crew from Coast Guard Station Port Canaveral, Florida, enforces a safety and security zone during a rocket launch off the coast of Cape Canaveral on June 24, 2016.

US Coast Guard/Petty Officer 2nd Class Anthony L. Soto

The Coast Guard operates internationally as well. In Shanghai, for instance, members of the US Coast Guard help train their Chinese counterparts.

Petty Officer Jonathan R. Cilley/US Coast Guard

Coast Guard ships can travel pretty far south as well. Here, the USCG Cutter Eagle anchors near the Galapagos Islands off the west coast of South America.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jetta. H. Disco/US Coast Guard

Select members of the Coast Guard are also trained to Snuba -- a method of diving similar to Scuba in which the diver breathes air from a tube connected to a ship. Here, a member of the Coast Guard Snubas for the first time off the coast of Honduras.

Jeremy Bender contributed to a previous version of this article.

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