- The infectious disease HIV/AIDS has been in the US since 1981.
- An estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the US, however, and thousands still die from AIDS every year.
- During his State of the Union address on Tuesday, President Donald Trump called for ending the HIV epidemic in the US by 2030.
- The Trump administration says its plan is to focus resources to stop the transmission of HIV on key areas of the country where HIV is prevalent.
- Here are some maps that show where HIV is most prevalent in the US made by AIDSVu,a project run by Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health in partnership with Gilead Sciences.
It’s been 38 years since HIV/AIDS showed up in the US.
The disease quickly spiraled into an epidemic, but medical advances have made HIV controllable with medication – especially if diagnosed early.
An estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the US, however, and thousands still die from AIDS every year. Each year, about 40,000 people in the US are given a new diagnosis of HIV.
During his State of the Union address on Tuesday, President Donald Trump called for ending the HIV epidemic in the US by 2030.
The Trump administration says it plans to focus on 48 counties; Washington, DC; San Juan, Puerto Rico; and seven states that have a high rural prevalence of HIV. The goal is to direct healthcare resources to those areas to prevent the spread of HIV and to treat people with the disease.
AIDSVu, a project run by Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health in partnership with the biotech company Gilead Sciences, has been mapping HIV prevalence by county since 2010.
Here’s a look at where HIV is most prevalent in the US, and where the focus might be over the next 11 years as part of an effort to end the epidemic. The maps show the prevalence of HIV as of 2015, as well as new diagnoses from 2008 to 2016.
AIDSVu gets its data from state and city health departments that collect information on a local level. This map looks at the number of new HIV diagnoses, with darker purple denoting more diagnoses in a given county.
By mapping HIV rates on a local level, public health officials can get insight into which groups might need more attention, based on geography or demographics.
The southern US states are disproportionately affected by HIV, accounting for 45% of all people living with HIV in the US and half of all new diagnoses in 2016. For instance, in 2015, 615 of every 100,000 people living in Florida were living with HIV.
One age group has experienced a disproportionate number of new diagnoses in recent years: those between the ages of 13 and 24. In 2015, new diagnoses in this age group accounted for a quarter of all new diagnoses. Here’s what the number of cases of HIV looks like across the country for 13- to 24-year-olds (though in some counties the data was not released).
In addition to providing a breakdown of HIV prevalence in the US, the project also maps where testing centres are, as well as where people can get access to preventive treatments. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention recommends people between 13 and 64 get tested at least once.
Click around the AIDSVu website to see more.
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