- President Donald Trump’s tariffs on Chinese goods began Friday.
- The tariffs target $US34 billion worth of Chinese imports to the US, with a second wave expected in a few weeks.
- The tariffs affect industrial parts, vehicles, chemicals, and more.
- Here are some of the highlights of the lists and the full breakdown of the tariffs.
President Donald Trump’s tariffs on Chinese goods officially kicked off Friday, marking the biggest move yet in the US-China trade conflict.
The final list of goods subject to the 25% tariff was announced June 15 and targets roughly $US34 billion worth of Chinese imports.
The tariffs are the first of what’s likely to be two waves. Friday’s set applies to 818 Chinese goods. The second wave – of 284 goods worth another $US16 billion – does not have an implementation date and is still subject to public comment.
Announcing the tariffs in June, the Office of the US Trade Representative said the tariffs would target industrial goods, particularly in areas identified under China’s “Made in China 2025” plan designed to encourage growth in particular industries.
“It generally focuses on products from industrial sectors that contribute to or benefit from the ‘Made in China 2025’ industrial policy, which include industries such as aerospace, information and communications technology, robotics, industrial machinery, new materials, and automobiles,” the office said. “The list does not include goods commonly purchased by American consumers such as cellular telephones or televisions.”
Here are some of the major categories of goods affected by the first wave of tariffs:
- Aircraft tires
- Nuclear reactors
- Boat motors
- Aircraft engines and engine parts
- Air and gas compressors, which are used in various goods like refrigerators
- Industrial heating equipment
- Scales, mostly for weighing large industrial equipment
- Cranes and other “lifting equipment”
- Bulldozers, backhoes, tampers, boring machines, and other large construction vehicles
- Oil and gas drilling platform parts
- Plows, mowers, combine harvester-threshers, and other large agricultural vehicles
- Dairy milkers, chicken incubators, and other livestock equipment
- Machinery for foods processing, including meat processing and fruit processing
- Machinery for making paper cardboard and other paper products
- Parts of printers and copy machines
- Machinery for processing and moulding metals or cement, and their parts
- Machinery for making glass products, including lightbulbs
- Machinery for making rubber or plastic goods
- Ball bearings
- DC and AC generators of various sizes and power levels
- Electricity transformers
- Industrial magnets
- Lithium batteries and other batteries
- Industrial ovens and furnaces
- Radar and radio equipment
- Parts for televisions, video-recording equipment, and similar video products
- Electronic traffics signs
- Electrical equipment such as resistors and circuit breakers
- Trains and rail parts
- Large vehicles using both diesel and non-diesel fuel
- Some cars and trucks, motorcycles, helicopters, aeroplanes, and spacecraft
- Microscopes and telescopes
- Imaging and navigational equipment
- Medical equipment such as X-rays and pacemakers
- Scientific equipment such as pressure gauges and spectrometers
The list includes several subcategories under the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems, or HS, a coding system that help to standardize the classification of goods around the world.
Here’s the first list broken down using the HS codes, via the USTR:
Here are some highlights from the second set of goods, which focuses mostly on industrial chemicals used in the creation of plastic goods:
- Lubricating oils
- Polymers used in things such as clear plastic wrap and Styrofoam coolers
- Resins and other industrial chemicals
- Plastic tubes and pipes
- Plates, sheets, film, foil, and strips of various plastics and polymers
- Engines for industrial equipment
- Agricultural equipment such as irrigation systems and seeders
- Specialty motor vehicles
- Floating docks
- Measuring equipment for everything from electrical currents to liquid supply
And here’s the second list broken up by HS code: