How the Trump administration got into a showdown with Iran that could lead to war

  • Tensions between the US and Iran have reached historic heights in recent months, prompting fears of a new war in the Middle East among lawmakers in Washington.
  • The US and Iran are locked in a tit-for-tat stalemate as they both seek to gain leverage over the other in a broader dispute linked to the 2015 nuclear deal and President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw the US from it.
  • A recent attack on two major oil facilities in Saudi Arabia has exacerbated the situation and has both countries making incendiary threats and allegations.
  • Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more stories.

Rising tensions between the US and Iran have sparked fears of a military confrontation and potentially an all-out war.

Here’s a timeline of the evolving situation, and a summary of what both countries have been saying.


In May 2018, President Donald Trump withdrew the US from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. Tensions between the US and Iran have risen ever since and reached a boiling point in recent weeks — particularly after the US in April moved to block all countries from buying Iranian oil.

Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty ImagesPresident Donald Trump holds up a memorandum that reinstates sanctions on Iran after he announced his decision to withdraw the United States from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal in the Diplomatic Room at the White House May 8, 2018 in Washington, DC.


Source:
INSIDER


On May 5, National Security Adviser John Bolton released a statement announcing the US was deploying an aircraft carrier strike group and B-52 bombers to the Middle East to counter threats from Iran.

ReutersWhite House national security adviser Bolton arrives to speak about the political unrest in Venezuela, outside the White House in Washington


Source:
WhiteHouse.gov


Bolton said that the deployment was designed to send “a clear and unmistakable message to the Iranian regime that any attack” on the US or its allies “will be met with unrelenting force.” Bolton added, “The United States is not seeking war with the Iranian regime, but we are fully prepared to respond to any attack.”

ReutersA staff member removes the Iranian flag from the stage after a group picture with foreign ministers and representatives during the Iran nuclear talks at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna.

The USS Abraham Lincoln carrier strike group, which consists of the carrier and its powerful carrier air wing, as well as one cruiser and four destroyers, moved into the region earlier this month along with a number of B-52 Stratofortress heavy long-range bombers.

Suez Canal Authority via APThe USS Abraham Lincoln sails south in the Suez canal near Ismailia, Thursday, May 9, 2019.


Source:
INSIDER


A US official said the show of force was in response to “clear indications” of a “possible attack” against US forces in the region by Iran or its proxies.

US Amry/Pfc. Aaron HerreraUS soldiers from 1st Cavalry Division in Samarra, Iraq, October 9, 2011.


Source:
INSIDER


Acting Defence Secretary Patrick Shanahan characterised the deployment as a “prudent repositioning of assets in response to indications of a credible threat by Iranian regime forces.”

ReutersActing Defence Secretary Patrick Shanahan listens as U.S. President Donald Trump holds a meeting with senior military leaders at the White House in Washington.

On May 8, US Air Forces Central Command announced that F-15C Eagle fighter jets were repositioned within the region to “defend US forces and interests in the region.” The next day, the Pentagon announced that the USS Arlington, an amphibious landing ship, and a Patriot surface-to-air missile battery were also on their way.

US Air Force PhotoAn F-15C Eagle prepares to refuel with a KC-135R Stratotanker Sept. 12, 2013, en route to the Arctic Challenge Exercise in Norway.


Source:
US Air Forces Central Command


Democratic lawmakers have raised alarm bells over these developments. Sen. Chris Murphy, for example, on May 7 tweeted, “Hey everybody, we are at war in 3 different countries — Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria — and inching toward conflict in 2 more — Venezuela and Iran.”

AP Photo/Andrew HarnikSen. Chris Murphy at a press conference in Washington in 2015.


Source:
INSIDER


Fears from Democratic lawmakers of a war with Iran are largely linked to their wariness toward Bolton, who’s long been hawkish toward Iran and has called for military strikes against it before. Bolton was also one of the architects of the ultimately disastrous US invasion of Iraq in 2003.

Associated PressU.S. national security adviser John Bolton


Source:
INSIDER


Republican lawmakers like Sen. Marco Rubio have rejected the idea the US wants a war with Iran, but he also said “any efforts by Iran to threaten shipping in the Strait of Hormuz and/or to target U.S. naval vessels or commercial shipping vessels will result in a swift, devastating & justified response.”

ReutersSenator Marco Rubio


Source:
INSIDER


Amid all of this, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on May 8 threatened to partially withdraw from portions of the 2015 nuclear deal.

ReutersIranian President Hassan Rouhani


Source:
INSIDER


The same day, the Trump administration announced new sanctions against Iran targeting its metal exports.

Getty ImagesSecretary of State Mike Pompeo with President Trump.


Source:
The Washington Post


“We have information that you don’t want to know about,” President Donald Trump said on May 9 in response to questions on the move. “They were very threatening and we have to have great security for this country and many other places.” He also urged Iran to hold talks with him regarding its nuclear program.

ReutersPresident Trump


Source:
Reuters


On May 10, Ayatollah Tabatabai-Nejad, a high-ranking cleric in the Iranian government, warned that US forces will face “dozens of missiles” if any move is made against Iran. The next day, Yadollah Javani, the deputy head of political affairs of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, said that the US “wouldn’t dare to launch military action against us.”

ATTA KENARE/AFP/Getty ImagesIranian guards march during celebrations in Tehran’s Azadi Square (Freedom Square) to mark the 37th anniversary of the Islamic revolution on February 11, 2016. Iranians waved ‘Death to America’ banners and took selfies with a ballistic missile as they marked 37 years since the Islamic revolution, weeks after Iran finalised a nuclear deal with world powers.


Source:
INSIDER


Overall, Trump has been fairly vague in responding to questions about Iran. “We’ll see what happens with Iran. If they do anything it will be a very bad mistake, if they do anything,” Trump said on May 13, adding, “If they do anything, they will suffer greatly.”

Associated PressPresident Trump waves to members of the media before boarding Marine One.


Source:
INSIDER


Meanwhile, reports have also emerged suggesting the Trump administration has discussed a plan to send 120,000 troops to the Middle East if Iran attacks US forces in the region or makes significant steps toward developing nuclear weapons.

Associated PressA US Navy sailor observes sunrise on the flight deck of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln while transiting the Suez Canal in Egypt.


Source:
INSIDER


Trump on May 14 rejected these reports but also said he’s prepared to send “a hell of a lot more” troops than 120,000 if necessary.

Associated PressPresident Donald Trump


Source:
INSIDER


Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on May 14 said his country would not go to war with the US. But in what was perhaps a veiled threat, he also signalled that it wouldn’t be hard for Iran to enrich uranium to weapons-grade levels.

Office of the Iranian Supreme Leader via APSupreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei


Source:
INSIDER;
TIME


On May 14, Yemen’s Iran-backed Houthi rebels carried out drone attacks on Saudi oil facilities. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a close ally of the US, which has supported the Saudi-led coalition in the war against the Houthis in Yemen. With that said, it’s not clear if these attacks were linked to rising tensions between the US and Iran.

ReutersYemen’s Houthi movement forces are seen during a withdrawal from Saleef port in Hodeidah province.


Source:
The New York Times


Sen. Bernie Sanders, one of the top contenders for the 2020 Democratic nomination, on May 14 said, “It appears that John Bolton wants a war in Iran. A war in Iran would, in my view, be many times worse than the Iraq War.” Sanders said he’s “working hard” to ensure that if Trump wants to take military action against Iran he must seek congressional authorization.

Hollis Johnson/Business InsiderSen. Bernie Sanders


Source:
CBS News


The US on May 15 ordered all nonessential government staff to leave Iraq. The State Department didn’t fully explain the move, but it’s viewed as a possible response to the increasingly tense situation between Washington and Tehran. This also came roughly a week after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo made an unscheduled visit to Iraq.

ReutersU.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks to reporters in flight after a previously unannounced trip to Baghdad.


Source:
CNN;
The New York Times


Major General Hossein Salami, the commander of Iran’s elite Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, on May 15 said, “We are on the cusp of a full-scale confrontation with the enemy.” Salami added, “This moment in history, because the enemy has stepped into the field of confrontation with us with all the possible capacity, is the most decisive moment of the Islamic revolution.”

Morteza Nikoubazl/ReutersHossein Salami, then-deputy head of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, speaks during Tehran’s Friday prayers on July 16, 2010.


Source:
INSIDER


The Trump administration has taken a hardline stance against Iran from the beginning, and defied US allies by withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal. In keeping with this stance, Trump recently designated Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps a foreign terror group.

REUTERS/Stringer/File PhotoMembers of the Iranian revolutionary guard march during a parade to commemorate the anniversary of the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), in Tehran September 22, 2011.


Source:
INSIDER


Trump on May 19 issued a grave threat to Iran, tweeting, “If Iran wants to fight, that will be the official end of Iran. Never threaten the United States again!”

Joshua Roberts/ReutersPresident Donald Trump


Source:
INSIDER


Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif responded to Trump’s threat via Twitter the next day. He said Trump “hopes to achieve what Alexander, Genghis & other aggressors failed to do,” adding, “Iranians have stood tall for millennia while aggressors all gone.” Zarif said “economic terrorism” and “genocidal taunts” won’t “end Iran.”

ReutersIranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif.


Source:
Twitter


Trump on May 24 announced the US is sending 1,500 additional troops to Iran and said they will serve a “mostly protective” role.

ReutersFILE PHOTO – U.S. President Donald Trump boards Marine One to depart for Japan


Source:
INSIDER


Two oil tankers were attacked on June 13 in the Gulf of Oman. The Trump administration has blamed Iran, which has denied any responsibility. Some US allies are sceptical of the Trump administration’s claims and want an independent probe.

ReutersAn oil tanker is seen after it was attacked at the Gulf of Oman


Source:
INSIDER


Iran on June 17 announced it would violate the 2015 nuclear deal by the end of the month via ramping up its enrichment of low-grade uranium and increasing its uranium stockpile.

Associated PressIranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks during a session of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Friday, June 14, 2019. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is a security alliance that brings together Russia, China, India, Pakistan along with ex-Soviet Central Asia nations of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. (AP Photo/Vladimir Voronin)

After Iran’s announcement on the nuclear deal, the Pentagon said it’s deploying an additional 1,000 troops to the Middle East.

ReutersAn aerial view of the Pentagon Building in Washington.

On June 20, Iran shot down a US Navy drone. The Iranian government claims the drone entered its airspace, but the US rejects this and said the drone was flying in international airspace and never entered Iranian territory.

Staff Sgt. Reynaldo Ramon/US Air Force/Reutershe RQ-4A Global Hawk, a high-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aerial reconnaissance system designed to provide military field commanders with high resolution, near-real-time imagery of large geographic areas is pictured at a hanger at a forward deployed location waiting to fly its next mission supporting Operation Enduring Freedom.


Source:
INSIDER


After the drone incident, Trump almost launched in retaliatory military strike against Iran, but pulled back at the last-minute. He cited concerns about civilian casualties.


Source:
INSIDER


Trump on June 24 announced new “hard-hitting” sanctions against Iran. “Today’s actions follow a series of aggressive behaviours by the Iranian regime in recent weeks, including shooting down of US drones,” the president said at the time.

Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty ImagesPresident Donald Trump holds up a memorandum that reinstates sanctions on Iran after he announced his decision to withdraw the United States from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal in the Diplomatic Room at the White House May 8, 2018 in Washington, DC.


Source:
INSIDER


Iran on July 1 announced it’s violating the 2015 nuclear deal by breaching the cap on its uranium stockpile of 300 kg (660 pounds). It also threatened to enrich uranium to weapons-grade levels by July 7 if it doesn’t get sanctions relief.

Raheb Homavandi/ReutersA general view of Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran in August 2010.


Source:
INSIDER


In a statement responding to Iran’s announcement, White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham on July 1 said, “The Iranian regime took action today to increase its uranium enrichment. It was a mistake under the Iran nuclear deal to allow Iran to enrich uranium at any level…Maximum pressure on the Iranian regime will continue until its leaders alter their course of action. The regime must end its nuclear ambitions and its malign behaviour.”

AP Photo/Evan VucciStephanie Grisham.

Iran on July 8 announced it had surpassed the 2015 nuclear deal’s cap on uranium enrichment levels (3.67%). It began enriching uranium up to levels of 4.5%, which is still far below the level needed to produce a nuclear weapon (90%).

ReutersFILE PHOTO: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks during a meeting with tribal leaders in Kerbala


Source:
IAEA


Trump on July 18 announced the USS Boxer had shot down an Iranian drone in the Strait of Hormuz. The president said the drone threatened the US ship. “The drone was immediately destroyed,” Trump said. “This is the latest of many provocative and hostile actions by Iran against vessels operating in international waters.”

Reuters/Louis NastroThe USS Boxer (LHD-4) Wasp-class amphibious assault ship sits docked in the port of San Diego, California, April 12, 2015.

Iran on July 19 seized a British-flagged oil tanker, the Stena Impero. Iranian state media said the British tanker Stena Impero was seized by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. The incident increased tensions between Iran and the West.

ReutersStena Impero, a British-flagged vessel owned by Stena Bulk, is seen at undisclosed place off the coast of Bandar Abbas.


Source:
Insider


In late July, the Trump administration announced it’s hitting Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif with sanctions, making the prospect of a diplomatic solution to hostilities between the US and Iran even less likely.

ReutersRussia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov meets his Iran’s counterpart Javad Zarif in Moscow


Source:
Insider


Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on September 4 announced Iran would begin developing more advanced centrifuges in what represented its third step away from the 2015 nuclear deal.

Associated PressIn this photo released by the official website of the office of the Iranian Presidency, President Hassan Rouhani speaks in a ceremony in Tehran, Iran, Tuesday, Aug. 27, 2019. Rouhani back-pedaled Tuesday on possible talks with Donald Trump, saying the U.S. president must first lift sanctions imposed on Tehran, otherwise a meeting between the two would be a mere photo op. (Iranian Presidency Office via AP)


Source:
Insider


Over the course of September, Trump and Rouhani at times flirted with the idea of holding talks at the United Nations General Assembly. But Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei has said no such talks can be held unless the US lifts sanctions and returns to the 2015 nuclear deal.


On September 10, Trump dismissed John Bolton as national security adviser. After, Rouhani adviser Hesameddin Ashena tweeted that Bolton’s ousting is a “decisive sign of the failure of the U.S. maximum pressure strategy in the face of the constructive resistance from Iran.”

ReutersFormer U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton


Source:
Insider


On September 14, two major oil facilities in Saudi Arabia were attacked, disrupting the global oil supply. Iran-backed Houthi rebels claimed responsibility, but the Trump administration blamed Iran.

ReutersSmoke is seen following a fire at Aramco facility in the eastern city of Abqaiq

In the immediate aftermath of the attack, Trump tweeted that the US was “locked and loaded,” which signalled there might be a military response. In the days that followed, Trump walked this back slightly saying he did not want war. Meanwhile, the Trump administration announced new sanctions against Iran.


On September 19, Zarif warned that if the US or Saudi Arabia attacked Iran it would lead to “all-out war.” He added, “We won’t blink to defend our territory.” This came a day after Pompeo called the attack on the Saudi oil fields an “act of war.”

ReutersIran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif


Source:
CNN


Business Insider Emails & Alerts

Site highlights each day to your inbox.

Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram.