There's only one chart you need to get ready for earnings season

It’s a tried and true tenet of the stock market that earnings growth is the most important driver of share gains.

That’s certainly been the case over the last several quarters, as surging profit expansion has served to calm investor nerves at every turn.

As everything from President Donald Trump to Brexit has roiled the market, the ever-present backstop of earnings growth has emboldened investors to buy on weakness and keep the eight-year bull market afloat.

So needless to say, as we enter second-quarter earnings season, there’s quite a lot at stake. After all, the S&P 500 has managed to climb almost 8% year-to-date, even as economic data has flagged and some of the market’s highest fliers have come under pressure. If earnings disappoint, the stock market rally could be in deep trouble.

Luckily, Morgan Stanley head of equity quantitative research Brian Hayes and his team have created a handy chart that lays out exactly what to expect when the results come rolling in — one that Business Insider will help deconstruct.

Screen Shot 2017 07 06 at 3.24.38 PMMorgan StanleyA visual representation of S&P 500 earnings growth forecasts by sector, overlaid with a secondary measure of uncertainty.

First and foremost, you’ll note that the two sectors expected to see the biggest year-over-year earnings growth are financials and tech, as signified by the horizontal axis. It’s no coincidence that those are the two groups that have been leading the S&P 500 higher over the last several months, further reinforcing the importance of profit expansion.

However, they’re also two of the industries for which uncertainty is the greatest, as reflected by the vertical axis. While not as worrisome as forecasts for the raw-materials sector, it’s still worth remembering that banking on the two groups is a slightly risky proposition.

On the flip side, the most certain outcomes this earnings season will be consumer staple stocks growing profits by about 2%, and utility companies seeing contraction of about 1%.

Healthcare and industrial stocks are stuck in the middle of it all, with both expectations of earnings growth and uncertainty coming in around average.

Depending on your risk threshold, your preferred sector may vary. And if all else fails, you could always play the stock market the old-fashioned way: by analysing companies one at a time, and evaluating them on their own merits.

In this age of passive investing and index funds, that’s a novel idea indeed.

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