The world’s biggest financial sectors feature some stalwarts — like New York, London and Tokyo — that have stayed way at the top of any rankings for decades.
But there are also dozens of challengers in the developing world that are giving the giants a run for their money, and are giving international investors access to some of the world’s fast-growing financial markets.
Some of the fastest-growing are in east Asia, the Middle East and Africa.
We took the Global Financial Cities Index released in March 2015 and compared it to the same publication when it was released five years ago, to find out which of the hubs are moving up the ranks most quickly.
Fireworks explode in the sky above the Kazakh-British Technical University at a fireworks and light show during City Day in Almaty September 14, 2013.
The sun sets over the Bangkok skyline November 14, 2014.
A view of Malaysia's landmark Petronas Twin Towers against an almost clear sky in Kuala Lumpur June 27, 2013.
A general view of the low-income neighbourhood known as Boca la Caja next to the business district in Panama City September 17, 2013.
The faithful pray on the esplanade of the Hassan II Mosque on Laylat al-Qadr during the holy month of Ramadan, in Casablanca early August 5, 2013.
South Korea's capital city has one of the fastest-growing financial sectors in the world.
Cityscape of Johannesburg in South Africa, a venue of the 2010 World Cup, February 18, 2010.
A new bridge, which will connect new metro lines, is under construction over the Golden Horn in Istanbul September 5, 2013.
Riyadh's Kingdom Centre, Saudi Arabia's iconic third-tallest skyscraper.
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