The Obama administration's ISIS strategy faces a crippling contradiction

RTX1AXLEREUTERS/Khalil AshawiRebel fighters stand on a tank overlooking al-Ghab plain, in the Jabal al-Akrad area in Syria’s northwestern Latakia province, April 29, 2015.

The complicated web of open and tacit alliances in the Middle East has created a contradiction within the US strategy to combat the Islamic State terror group.

The official account of the US embassy in Syria fired off a string of tweets yesterday condemning Syrian dictator Bashar Assad’s bombing of civilians and noting that his regime is likely conducting air strikes in tandem with the Islamic State’s advance on Aleppo.

At the same time, the US isn’t doing anything about it, despite publicly condemning both ISIS — which is fighting rebels who oppose Assad’s regime — and the Syrian regime.

ISIS has been trying to seize territory from the rebels, and it appears that Assad’s regime appears to be helping ISIS accomplish that as a way to shut down its opposition.

Despite these suspicions — and the fact that Assad is accused of committing atrocities against Syrians — the US refuses to attack Assad.

This appears to go back to the Obama administration’s relationship with Iran, which is Syria’s primary ally.

Recently, the US appears reluctant to act in Syria out of a concern that Iran-backed Shia militias fighting ISIS in Iraq might turn on US forces as retaliation. Even the Syrian rebels the US is training are told not to fight the brutal dictator they took up arms against.

Michael Weiss of The Daily Beast reported that 1,000 men threatened to withdraw from the program over US demands that they fight only ISIS and not the Assad regime.

“We got this request to promise not to use any of our training against Assad,” Syrian rebel Mustapha Sejari, who was vetted by the US and had worked in a has worked for years with Western spies through a “joint operations command” in Turkey, told Weiss.

“A Department of Defence liaison officer … told us, ‘We got this money from Congress for a program to fight ISIS only,'” He added. “This reason was not convincing for me. So we said no.”

Weiss, who recently co-authored a book about ISIS, noted the obvious tension:

This doesn’t bode well for the US strategy to defeat ISIS.

As it becomes clear that air strikes alone can’t defeat ISIS and that Iraq’s army isn’t up to the task either, Iraq has been leaning more on Shia militias to handle the ground fight. Which not only creates a complication for the US in Syria, but also for Iraq itself because the Shia fighters have been accused of killing Sunni civilians as they move through ISIS-held areas.

Building up the Iraqi army into a competent fighting force would seem like an obvious solution, but Sunnis (the majority in Iraq) are important to that equation, and the Shiite-dominated government in Baghdad has been reluctant to further empower Sunnis out of fear that the Sunnis could turn on Shia led Baghdad.

In any case, ISIS continues to make advances across Iraq in Syria — it overran Ramadi, a provincial capital in Iraq, and Palmyra, an ancient city in Syria, in May, and now it’s closing in on Aleppo.

Liz Sly wrote recently in The Washington Post: “The [Aleppo] offensive reinforces the impression that the Islamic State is regaining momentum despite more than eight months of U.S. led-airstrikes.”

Michael B. Kelley contributed to this report.

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