The F-35’s ejection seats have a potentially deadly problem

F 35A

The F-35 is facing additional problems after a series of tests of the aircraft’s ejection seat suggested the system could seriously injure pilots of below a certain weight.

According to Defence News, ejections at slower flight speeds snapped the neck of light-weight test dummies. In response, the US military is restricting pilots weighing under 136 pounds from flying the fifth-generation fighter.

An unnamed source familiar with the F-35 program told Defence News that the problem comes from the ejection seats themselves, which are constructed by contractor Martin-Baker. During ejection, the seats rotate too far forwards. This movement, combined with the force of ejecting from the aircraft, snapped the dummies’ necks.

The military’s grounded pilots under 136 pounds. Defence News reports that Martin-Baker and the F-35 program are working closely together to solve the issue.

“We are interested in a solution that is viable for all our pilots and to ensure their safety to the maximum extent practical,” Air Force Lt. Col. Christopher Karns told Defence News. “It is vitally important to ensure the F-35 community has the safest ejection seat possible. We owe it to our warfighters.”

The problems with the Martin-Baker ejection seats affect an incredibly small minority of F-35 pilots. But the issue reflects a wider range of problems that have characterised the development of the fifth-generation fighter.


A report from an F-35 pilot in June detailed how the new plane is less manoeuvrable than the F-16 fighter that it was built to replace. This resulted in the F-35 being “at a distinct energy disadvantage” to the F-16 throughout a mock dogfight.

In addition, the F-35 has encountered issues with its engines, its next-generation helmet, and its onboard software system. The F-35B variety is also not expected to be equipped to carry the plane’s most advanced weapons until 2022.

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