A Look At The Incredible Crown Jewels Of Major Countries Around The World

queen elizabeth crown jewelsQueen Elizabeth wearing the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

Photo: The Official Website of the British Monarchy

Royalty comes with lots of perks, among them access to crown jewels.If you thought that crown jewels were exclusive to Britain, you’d be wrong.

Many other countries in Europe, and a few in other parts of the world, have some bejeweled swag as well.

And even parts of the U.S. have crown jewels of their own.

Crown jewels, which are passed through monarchies from generation to generation and are often priceless, can include anything from jewelry to swords.

Of course, most include actual crowns.


Albania's official crown, the crown of Skanderbeg, dates to the 15th century.

The crown was smuggled out of Albania after the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. The Habsburg dynasty, an Italian noble family, later took possession of the crown.

Today, the crown resides in Vienna, and Albania only has a replica.

Source: Wikipedia


The Austrian Crown Jewels include a collection of crowns, scepters, orbs, swords, rings, crosses, holy relics, and royal robes connected with the coronation ceremony.

They were first worn by the Holy Roman Emperor and then later the Austrian Emperor at coronation or other state events.

The jewels date back to the 10th to 19th century and are mostly kept at the Imperial Treasury Schatzkammer.

Source: Wikipedia

Bavaria (now Germany)

In 1806 when Napoleon re-ordered the European map, he granted the German duchy of Bavaria kingdom status. The new King of Bavaria, Maximilian I, commemorated the event by ordering that crown jewels be made for the country's new monarchs.

The crown was decorated with rubies, diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, and pearls.

Today, the crown jewels are on show in the treasury of the Residenz palace in Munich.

Source: Wikipedia

Czech Republic (Bohemia)

The crown jewels of the Czech Republic include the Crown of Saint Wenceslas, a royal orb, a scepter, the coronation vestments of the Bohemian kings, the gold reliquary cross, and St. Wenceslas' sword.

The crown is 22-carat gold and has four vertical fleurs-de-lis. It's decorated with rubies, sapphires, emeralds, and pearls.

Source: Wikipedia


The Danish Crown Jewels consist of three crowns, a scepter, an orb, a sword of state, and an ampulla, or flask.

The sword is the oldest item in the collection, dating to 1551.

The Danish use the terms 'old regalia' and 'new regalia' to differentiate between the jewels that were in place before the creation of the absolute monarch in 1660.

Source: Wikipedia


The crown shown here was designed in 1918 for or the proposed King of Finland, but the proposed political situation changed before the crown could be used in the coronation ceremony of Finland's first independent monarch.

It's never been used.

Source: Wikipedia


For the Hawaiian king Kalahaua's coronation, two royal crowns were ordered from England in 1883.

Kalakaua and his Queen Kapiolani wore the jewels only once. Soon after, they were damaged by looters during the overthrow of the government.

They were later replaced by glass jewels and can be seen today at the Bishop Museum in Hawaii.

Source: Wikipedia


More than 50 kings have worn the Holy Crown of Hungary, the official coronation crown.

The complete Crown Jewels of Hungary consist of the Holy Crown, the scepter, the orb, and the mantle.

There are different gold-silver alloys used in the upper and lower half of the crown.

Source: Wikipedia


King George XII of the Georgian Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti commissioned a crown for his coronation in 1798. There's no record of a crown before that date.

The gold crown is decorated with 145 diamonds, 58 rubies, 24 emeralds, and 16 amethysts. The crown was sent to Moscow in 1923 and was broken up.

Source: Wikipedia


The Imperial crown jewels of Iran is are considered to be the largest jewelry collection in the world.

Iran's crown jewels consists of several elaborate crowns, thrones, 30 tiaras, numerous ornamental plumes, a dozen bejeweled swords and shields, unset precious gems, plates and other dining services cast in precious metals and encrusted with gems, and other items such as a gemstone globe.

Pictured is a diamond and emerald aigrette, which decorates a woman's headdress, set in silver.


The Crown Jewels of Ireland were jeweled insignia worn by the King at the induction ceremony of knights of the Order of St. Patrick, which is equivalent to Britain's Order of the Garter.

But the crown jewels were stolen in 1907 from Dublin Castle, and the theft still remains unsolved.

Source: Wikipedia


The crowns of Silla are famous for their exquisite gold and jade workmanship.

The crown jewels of Korea consist of several golden crowns, girdles, belts, necklaces, a sword, a dagger, golden shoes, earrings, and more than 35 rings and hairpins.

Source: Wikipedia

Italy (Lombardy)

The Iron Crown of the Lombard Kingdom is a relic and was used as crown of the medieval Kingdom of Italy and by Napoleon Bonaparte for his coronation as King of Italy.

The crown is made out of a narrow band of iron about one centimeter thick. It claims that it was made from the beaten nails used at Jesus' crucifixion.

Source: Wikipedia


The Norwegian Crown Jewels has nine items in its set: the king's crown, the sword of the realm, the king's sceptre, the king's orb, the queen's crown, the queen's sceptre, the queen's orb, the crown of the crown prince and the anointing horn.

The coronation robes, two banners of the realm, and coronation thrones are also considered part of the set.

Set in the king's crown are an emerald, a ruby, a topaz, an alexandrite, and a white opal.

Source: Wikipedia


This was the last crown worn by Portuguese kings and queens.

The crown was made in 1817 of gold and red velvet. It was made in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in Don Antonio Gomes da Silva's workshop for King John VI.

Source: Wikipedia

Prussia (now Germany)

Compared to Russia and Britain's crown jewels, Prussia's were described as 'rather plain,' at times.

The Prussian Crown Jewels consist of a set of crowns, orb, and scepters.

Prussia joined the German empire in 1871, and most of the Prussian regalia are on public display in the Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin.

Source: Wikipedia


Serbia originally had four royal crowns, but only one, the Karađorđević Crown, has survived and is in Serbia today.

The Crown Jewels of Serbia consists of the Karađorđević crown, an orb, scepter, Mantle buckle, and Mantle.

The crown, scepter, and orb are decorated in gemstones and enameled in the national colours; red, blue, and white. The Royal Mantle is purple velvet with embroidered gold and lined in fur.

Source: Wikipedia

United Kingdom

The Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom are among the most exquisite in the world.

The set consists of: the crowns, scepters (with either the cross or the dove), orbs, swords, rings, spurs, colobium sindonis, dalmatic, armill, and the royal robe or pall, as well as several other objects connected with the ceremony.

Shown is the Imperial State Crown, which was made for King George VI in 1937. The crown has 2,868 diamonds, 273 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and five rubies set in it.

Another crown in the set, The Crown of The Queen Mother, has the 105-carat Koh-i-Noor diamond, one of the largest in the world, set in it.

Source: Wikipedia

Now check out some jewels owned by non-royals

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