- Tesla CEO Elon Musk is a rare thing in the car business: a celebrity and a leader.
- His celebrity has definitely helped fuel Tesla’s rise.
- But of late it has begun to reveal some disadvantages.
Maybe you haven’t been paying attention to all things Tesla for the past two weeks. Here’s an update:
- Tesla reported first-quarter earnings and lost over $US700 million in three months.
- CEO Elon Musk, who is supposed to be sleeping on the floor of his factory in California, flipped out on an earnings call, silencing two analysts and taking 20 minutes of questions from a YouTuber who owns less than 100 shares of Tesla stock and pitched his insights to Musk via Twitter.
- The stock tanked.
- Musk got on Twitter to attack the offending analysts as instruments of short-sellers; neither has a drastically bearish view of the stock, and both have hold ratings.
- The stock bounced back.
- Musk warned short sellers that they were in for a world of hurt.
- He then spent about $US10 million of his own money – more likely obtained via loans pledged to his stake in Tesla as collateral – to buy up more Tesla shares.
- Production of Tesla’s Model 3 sedan continued to languish well below Tesla’s previous production targets, and the company continued to throw people at the problem with 24/7 manufacturing.
- Musk again declared that Tesla, spending a billion per quarter to run the business, but with just $US2.7 billion in cash on hand, won’t need to raise new funds in 2018.
- Musk jetted off from California to New York for the Metropolitan Museum’s Met Gala, where he dressed like a preacher in a remake of “Casablanca” and squired his reported new girlfriend, musician and artist Grimes, who herself weathered flawed accusations from the internet that she was wearing a Tesla-logo choker.
- Musk took to Twitter to quash the Tesla choker rumours.
Whew! That was a lot of action for a fortnight!
Meanwhile, Tesla presumably spent many more millions to expand its production of vehicles in the low five figures. For contrast, General Motors built something on the order of 30,000 Chevy Silverado pickup trucks alone. CEO Mary Barra did not yell at analysts, attack short sellers, lose any money, announce any plans to buy GM stock, tweeted about GM’s educational efforts, and didn’t dress up as anything.
Maybe it isn’t such a great idea to have a global celebrity as a CEO. Here’s why:
Every time your unpredictable CEO says something bizarre to investors or starts banging away at his iPhone keyboard, the stock can pitch up and down.
If you like Musk and you’re a Tesla investor, you have to enjoy volatility. Tesla’s stock has rarely enjoyed a calm ride.
But although shares were well off their 2017 highs just prior to the announcement of first-quarter earnings, they were trending up. Until Musk lost his cool.
Shares swiftly tanked. The next day, they were clobbered.
They recovered quickly, but the selloff was nobody’s fault but Musk’s. Prior to the huge Q1 loss, Wall Street had already priced in the negative return and was willing to give Tesla a pass.
Musk takes everything personally. Very personally.
I left out the part of the earnings call where Musk attacked journalists, whom he sees as compromising the safety of motorists by writing negative items about Tesla’s Autopilot technology.
Musk does, in fact, believe that this semi-self-driving system saves lives, and over the long haul, he could be right. But that’s assuming Autopilot evolves over time. At the moment, it’s effectively just advanced cruise control.
“[I]t’s really incredibly irresponsible of any journalists with integrity to write an article that would lead people to believe that autonomy is less safe,” he said on the call. “Because people might actually turn it off, and then die. So anyway, I’m really upset by this.”
Tesla has argued that Autopilot improves safety, but the US government has disputed Tesla’s use of some statistics to support the claim.
Musk is entitled to his opinion, and he’s entitled to be upset at journalists. But he shouldn’t be telling them what to write about if they think Autopilot might be so oversold to the public that some drivers think it can provide a higher level of self-driving than it does.
There are times to take stuff personally, and times to accept that journalism doesn’t care how you feel.
His commitment to spending his nights in the factory to fix the biggest existential problem the company has every faced goes out the window if he has the chance to walk a red carpet 3,000 miles away.
In the past few weeks, Musk has emailed Tesla employees to stress that the company must stop wasting money and over-utilising contract workers. He’s also dispensed management and productivity advice. And he recently assumed personal oversight of Model 3 production, which is miles behind where it was supposed to be at this point.
None of this was evidently mission-critical enough to keep him close to the factory in Fremont, CA – not when the bright lights and madcap spectacle of Fifth Avenue and the Met Gala beckoned!
No one wants to rob a multi-billionaire of his fun, but this doesn’t exactly send a disciplined signal to the assembly line workers at Tesla’s plants, nor to the engineers who are now furiously trying to correct the damage done by Musk’s mistake of using more automation in manufacturing the Model 3 than Tesla could handle.
You never know when he’s going to support something extremely iffy, like having his brother on the board of directors.
CtW, an investment advisor for union pension funds (some of which hold Tesla stock), thinks this means that Musk’s brother, Kimbal, has no business being on the board, arguing that he “has no professional experience in the auto industry” in a letter urging shareholders to vote him off next month.
Kimbal indeed has no auto-industry experience beyond serving on Tesla’s board since 2004. Musk does have an all-in-the-family attitude toward business – his cousin, Lyndon Rive, was CEO of SolarCity prior to Tesla merger with the solar operation in 2016.
But with all the misfires Tesla has endured since just 2015, when it launched a production-plagued Model X SUV, Musk as Chairman of his board and CEO could use some more seasoned advice about running a carmaker. The Model 3 debacle should have brought this home for shareholders. It’s possibly the most thoroughly botched rollout of a hyped vehicle in the history of the industry.
[Correction: A earlier version of this story mistakenly referred to Robyn Denholm as male.]
Time to get serious now. One can explain Musk’s behaviour as Elon being Elon — up to a point. But this latest episode has raised some questions about his leadership.
The era of charismatic auto chiefs ended about a hundred years ago. Even then, Henry Ford wasn’t exactly the life of the party.
And while Enzo Ferrari and Gianni Agnelli symbolized a certain flamboyant Italian alternative to American industrialists and the culture of German engineering, not to mention the relatively low-key nature of Japanese automakers, the modern car company requires leadership that values execution. And as Musk has lately been admitting, extended periods of profitability.
Tesla has been around for 15 years, and a public company since 2010. It has never posted an annual profit. General Motors, on the other hand, returned to the public markets in 2010 after a bankruptcy – and has made over $US70 billion.
Their market capitalizations are essentially the same: about $US50 billion.
How much of that cap for Tesla has come from Musk’s megawatt-level celebrity? Probably some. Maybe a lot. Tesla routinely cites the “great man” risk in its official filings with the SEC, and the Tesla board voted on a new pay package for Musk that would make him mega-rich and take Tesla’s market cap to $US650 billion. Clearly, they want to keep him around.
But here’s the problem. Celebrity Musk has been quite valuable in getting Tesla to this point. But ever since the catastrophe of the Model 3 launch – which began last year and still hasn’t been rectified – Musk’s flaws have been on display.
He’s not good at all when it comes to the basic blocking and tackling of mass-production. In fact, he seems to hate the whole idea of automotive best practices, preferring to reimagine vehicle production as a much more heavily robotic undertaking.
That didn’t work, and Tesla is paying the price while Musk is yet again being dragged back to the present from the future. He might be famous. But that isn’t going to get the Model 3’s rolling out the door.
NOW WATCH: Money & Markets videos
Business Insider Emails & Alerts
Site highlights each day to your inbox.