Since 1910, the Boy Scouts of America have promoted a mission of moral strength, citizenship, and health.
In 1912, Arthur Eldred became the first Eagle Scout, and the rank has stood as an emblem of accomplishment ever since.
To earn the title of Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts must learn a whole array of practical skills.
We’ve put together 10 survival tricks that Eagle Scouts can perform, complete with step-by-step pictures to show how it’s done.
Keep scrolling to learn everything from tying a bowline knot to inflating your pants to become a flotation device.
Eagle Scouts can start a fire anywhere, even in the rain. The trick to this is to look for a piece of wood that is standing upright (as it will be the least wet) and split it with a sharp knife. Next, put the wood against your cheek to see if its center feels dry.
If the center is dry, start shaving wafer-thin sections of the wood. You'll use this as tinder for the fire.
Meanwhile, cut foot-long pieces of the wood, which you'll use as a base for your tinder. Set the sticks across the base, spacing them about half an inch apart.
Assemble the shavings on top. Light a match directly underneath the tinder, using a piece of cotton to accelerate the process. When you see the first flame, continue hand feeding shavings in.
If they're stuck without a compass, Eagle Scouts can figure out which direction is north with only a stick. To do this, first place a stick or branch into the ground in a straight position so that it casts a shadow.
Wait about 10 to 15 minutes and the shadow tip will have moved. Mark the new position of the shadow tip with another stone or branch.
Draw a straight line through (or use another piece of wood) to connect the two marks together and form an east-west line. Stand with the first mark (the west point) to your left and the second mark (the east point) to your right, and you'll be facing north.
There's also an easy way to turn your pants into a flotation device. Tie the bottom of the pant legs into a square knot.
Once you bring them down, you'll see the pants have become inflated thanks to the air flow. Just make sure to keep them wet or you'll find yourself sinking.
Eagle Scouts can also make a shelter, just in case they encounter a disastrous situation. One way to make a shelter is by starting with two large pieces of wood and lashing them together.
By using a reflective surface like a mirror, a CD, or a DVD, Eagle Scouts can alert that they are in danger. Any flat and shiny surface can be used for this.
Simply make a V shape with your hand and when the sunshine reflects off of the surface, it will create a signal that others can spot.
Eagle Scouts are also trained in emergency first aid and medical assistance. They can build a makeshift stretcher by using two logs and placing them between a blanket.
Fold the blanket over one of the logs and under the other, and the stretcher can be used to carry someone.
A Swedish Torch is a good option for cooking in the wilderness. This version of it is made by using three saw- or axe-cut logs.
If a severe injury were to happen while in the wilderness, Eagle Scouts can create a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. This is done by taking a cloth, wrapping it around the person's body, and tying a knot. Take a stick and tie it to the knot you just made. Continue twisting until it tightens.
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