- Berkshire Hathaway CEO Warren Buffett has long decried Wall Street’s habit of providing quarterly earnings guidance.
- But last year, S&P 500 companies issued forward guidance at the highest rate since 2008, according to a report by S&P Global Market Intelligence.
- Executives have made fewer forecasts this year amid more calls to do away with the practice.
Warren Buffett has long said that short-termism is bad for companies, but many didn’t seem to concur last year.
Companies on the S&P 500 issued quarterly earnings guidance 444 times in 2017, the most since 2008, according to a report by S&P Global Market Intelligence released on Thursday.
Forward guidance remains a cornerstone of the quarterly ritual of earnings reporting. Public companies are not required by law to give investors hard estimates for the future, unlike their results. But many companies do so anyway to give analysts and shareholders a sense of their outlook, sometimes by popular demand.
But Buffett, the CEO of Berkshire Hathaway, has refrained from this practice. In fact, his company’s earnings statements are so unorthodox that they don’t include any quotes from him or other executives – he reserves those for his annual letter and shareholder meeting.
Buffett told CNBC in 2016 that earnings guidance “can lead to a lot of malpractice.” That’s because if companies know they are going to miss earnings expectations, they might try to find ways to make up for the shortfall.
Several other chief executives – including JPMorgan’s Jamie Dimon, BlackRock’s Larry Fink, and General Motors’ Mary Barra – weighed in on the topic in 2016 in an open letter titled “Commonsense Corporate Governance Principles.” They wrote, among other things, that markets were too obsessed with quarterly earnings forecasts and that companies should issue guidance only if it would benefit shareholders.
Even President Donald Trump weighed in, tweeting in August what he said was a quote from a business leader that companies should “stop quarterly reporting & go to a six month system.”
Buffett, Dimon, and nearly 200 CEO members of the Business Roundtable narrowed in on the issue again in June. In a Wall Street Journal op-ed article, they said that quarterly earnings contributed to a shift away from long-term investments.
If the trend in 2018 is anything to go by, companies might be coming around to this viewpoint. S&P’s data shows that guidance in the first and second quarters fell from a year ago. And according to a FactSet report released on Monday, companies were issuing third-quarter guidance at a pace below average.
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