You can run, but you can’t hide.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average, meanwhile, tumbled more than 1,100 points, its biggest-ever single-day decline.
A simple way to look at the selloff is that the stock market was inevitably due for a pullback after such a hot start in 2018. And while stretched sentiment was definitely a factor, the futility of a key investor strategy on Monday suggested something more sinister afoot.
Put simply, buying the dip — defined as swooping in to buy stocks when they fall to more attractive valuations — didn’t work.
After a rough morning, the market appeared poised for a rebound around midday, and it looked as if traders would buy on weakness. Instead, the market succumbed to even deeper declines.
So why didn’t it work? Bruce Bittles, the chief investment strategist at Robert W. Baird & Co., says it’s because we’re in a different environment now.
“Up until this point, when the market dipped, interest rates went down,” he told Business Insider by phone. “The correlation between stocks and rates has now reversed, and that’s the problem the market faces. You can’t depend on rates going down as the market weakens.
“There are no safe havens with valuations at this level,” he continued. “There’s no place to hide.”
This breakdown in long-standing market correlations was noted late last week by Vincent Deluard, a macro strategist at INTL FCStone, who argued that long-term Treasurys were “no longer a perfect hedge against stock market volatility.”
At the root of this shift have been fears about rising inflation, which investors are worried will prompt the type of monetary tightening that make bonds more appealing to investors, relative to stocks.
“You have a booming economy causing inflation fears and worries that rates will ratchet up a lot from here, which would, in turn, hurt consumers and businesses,” Bittles said. “It’s when rates start rising rapidly that markets become particularly vulnerable, and that’s what’s happening here.”
If there’s a silver lining to the stock market’s tough day, it’s that traders have been increasing hedging activity, heeding the warnings of strategists across Wall Street. Heading into Monday’s bloodbath, traders were paying the most since the 2016 presidential election to protect against a decline in the S&P 500.
But Bittles isn’t ready to let traders off the hook. He said the toxic combination of overconfidence and complacency led investors down this dark path, whether they knew it or not. And, perhaps even scarier, he doesn’t think big price swings are close to finished.
“The complacency was very deep and widespread, and that often leads to problems,” he said. “That big rally in January caused investors to get excessively optimistic. This is going to be a volatile year, all year long.”