State income tax rates across America, ranked from highest to lowest

MediaNews Group/Boulder Daily Camera via Getty Images/ContributorThe top income tax rate in the country is 13.3% in California.
  • Taxes are due on April 15, 2020. Many Americans will file a state income tax return in addition to a federal income tax return.
  • US states have either a flat income tax, a progressive tax, or no income tax.
  • The top income tax rate in the country is 13.3%, in California.
  • Read more personal finance coverage.

Tax day 2020 is Wednesday, April 15.

Many Americans will file both a federal tax return and state income tax return. You can do that through an online service like H&R Block or TurboTax – both of which offer free tax filing for eligible taxpayers – or an accountant.

When it comes to state income tax, the amount you pay varies depending on where you live. Seven US states have no income tax – Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming. New Hampshire and Tennessee don’t have a state income tax either, but they do tax interest and dividends at 5% and 2%.

The rest of the states either have a flat income tax – meaning everyone, regardless of how much they earn, pays the same percentage of their income to the government – or a progressive income tax, which means the tax rate is determined by income.

Among the 41 states that tax income, North Dakota has the lowest maximum rate at 2.9%. California has the highest top tax rate, topping out at 13.3%, but isn’t the only one with a double-digit maximum.

Below, we’ve created a ranking of states from the highest state income tax rate to the lowest income tax rate. For states that have a range of tax rates based on income, we used the highest rate to determine the ranking. All figures are sourced from the Tax Foundation.


42. California

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State income tax rate: 1% to 13.3%


41. Hawaii

State income tax rate: 1.4% to 11%


40. New Jersey

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State income tax rate: 1.4% to 10.75%


39. Oregon

State income tax rate: 5% to 9.9%


38. Minnesota

State income tax rate: 5.35% to 9.85%


37. Washington, DC

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State income tax rate: 4% to 8.95%


36. New York

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State income tax rate: 4% to 8.82%


35. Vermont

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State income tax rate: 3.35% to 8.75%


34. Iowa

State income tax rate: 0.33% to 8.53%


33. Wisconsin

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State income tax rate: 4% to 7.65%


32. Maine

State income tax rate: 5.8% to 7.15%


31. South Carolina

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State income tax rate: 1.10% to 7%


30. Connecticut

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State income tax rate: 3% to 6.99%


29. Idaho

State income tax rate: 1.13% to 6.93%


27 (TIE). Montana

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State income tax rate: 1% to 6.9%


27 (TIE). Arkansas

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State income tax rate: 0.9% to 6.9%


26. Nebraska

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State income tax rate: 2.46% to 6.84%


25. Delaware

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State income tax rate: 2.2% to 6.6%


24. West Virginia

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State income tax rate: 3% to 6.5%


23. Louisiana

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State income tax rate: 2% to 6%


22. Rhode Island

State income tax rate: 3.75% to 5.99%


19 (TIE). Maryland

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State income tax rate: 2% to 5.75%


19 (TIE). Virginia

State income tax rate: 2% to 5.75%


19 (TIE). Georgia

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State income tax rate: 1% to 5.75%


18. Kansas

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State income tax rate: 3.10% to 5.7%


17. Missouri

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State income tax rate: 1.5% to 5.40%


16. North Carolina

State income tax rate: 5.25%


15. Massachusetts

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State income tax rate: 5.05%


10 (TIE). Mississippi

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State income tax rate: 3% to 5%


10 (TIE). Alabama

State income tax rate: 2% to 5%


10 (TIE). Ohio

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State income tax rate: 1.98% to 5%


10 (TIE). Oklahoma

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State income tax rate: 0.5% to 5%


10 (TIE). Kentucky

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State income tax rate: 5%


8 (TIE). Illinois

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State income tax rate: 4.95%


8 (TIE). Utah

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State income tax rate: 4.95%


7. New Mexico

State income tax rate: 1.7% to 4.9%


6. Colorado

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State income tax rate: 4.63%


5. Arizona

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State income tax rate: 2.59% to 4.54%


4. Michigan

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State income tax rate: 4.25%


3. Indiana

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State income tax rate: 3.23%


2. Pennsylvania

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State income tax rate: 3.07%


1. North Dakota

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State income tax rate: 1.1% to 2.9%

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