US service-sector recovery slows in August as pandemic fears weigh on spending

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A worker at a restaurant in Louisville, Kentucky, cleans a table at a restaurant after it was allowed to reopen in May. Andy Lyons/Getty Images

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The US service industry grew at a slower rate in August as government stimulus dried up and consumer spending moderated.

The Institute for Supply Management’s gauge of the industry fell to 56.9 last month from 58.1, according to a Thursday release. The reading was the index’s first decline in four months and stood in-line with economist estimates.

The decline was largely driven by a drop in new orders. ISM’s New Orders Index sank to 56.8 in August from 67.7. The firm’s gauge of production fell 4.8 points through the month to 62.4.

Still, last month’s data show services continuing to recover from their sharp second-quarter contraction. Any reading above 50 represents industry expansion, while one below the level indicates contraction.


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Employment crept higher to expansionary territory in August, gaining 5.8 points to 47.9. ISM’s employment and inventories gauges are the only ones still indicating contraction.

Of the 18 service subsectors tracked by ISM, 15 reported growth in August. Only mining, information, and a miscellaneous group of “other services” reported contraction.

The firm’s report doesn’t reveal the industry’s performance relative to a norm, and instead tracks whether business activity expanded, shrank, or held steady. Still, recent periods of growth haven’t retraced losses seen earlier in the year and activity remains well off pre-pandemic levels.

“Looking ahead, we expect the pandemic to continue to constrain the recovery of service activity to a low growth mode,” Kathy Bostjancic, chief US financial economist at Oxford Economics, said.

The Thursday report follows ISM’s latest reading of the US manufacturing industry. The gauge gained to 56 in August from 54.2, signalling the industry’s fastest rate of expansion since late 2018. Last month marked the first full month of factory operations since major supply chains restarted and changes were made to safely bring employees back to work, ISM said.


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