Fears of an imminent robot takeover of the workplace have gained traction after recent advances on self-driving vehicles and increasingly automated factories.
Most technology and employment experts, however, are quick to note that mechanization can have a tremendous positive impact on productivity that produces more creative, higher paying jobs.
Another crucial distinction is that manufacturing work is particularly susceptible to automation, while many service industry jobs face less aggressive shifts from technology.
A new report from the Brookings Institution finds robots “are
congregating densely in some places but are hardly found in others.”
The chart below suggests “industrial robots are by no means everywhere, they are clustered heavily in a short list of Midwestern and Southern manufacturing states, especially the upper Midwest.”
“The trend seems omnipresent,” but really is not, Mark Muro, the author of the report, says.
The findings may also have political implications. Robot counts in
red states that voted for President Trump in November is more than twice that seen in the blue states that voted for Hillary Clinton.
“This is not to say robots determined the outcome of the 2016 election,” Muro writes.
“However, the red-state robot concentration does suggest that to the extent industrial automation brings difficult labour market transitions and anxiety, it will visit those difficulties most heavily on a particular swath of red-leaning America — specifically, the most robot-exposed locations in the industrial Midwest.”