Richard Branson explains his 8 rules for being a great leader

The virgin way paperbackAmazon‘The Virgin Way’ is newly released in paperback.

Virgin Group chairman Richard Branson has spent his entire career pushing the envelope.

It’s resulted in an eclectic and expansive set of companies under the Virgin name, including airlines, a bank, and most recently a hotel chain. He’s a self-made billionaire who dropped out of high school and hasn’t stopped doing things differently for the past 45 years.

Though he’s well-known for his penchant for pranks, his costumes, and his private island, he’s built an empire and survived countless setbacks thanks to his commitment to being an exceptional leader.

In his book “The Virgin Way,” Branson breaks down the top 8 rules that have motivated him and his employees every step of the way.

We’ve explained them below.

1. Follow your passions, but protect the downside.

David McNew/Getty
Sir Richard Branson.

Branson has never been someone to back down from an idea because others criticised him for it, and admires those who take the risk on something extraordinary.

That said, Branson never jumps into a project that will ruin him if it fails. It's a lesson he learned from his father, who allowed him to drop out of school to start a magazine as long as he sold enough advertising to cover the cost of printing.

He uses the investing term 'protecting the downside' to describe this limiting of risk, and it's how he convinced his business partners to join him in making the huge leap into the airline industry in 1984. They could trust him to pursue this seemingly ridiculous idea since he got Boeing to agree to take back Virgin's one 747 jet after a year if the business wasn't operating as planned.

2. Do some good.

Christopher Lee/Getty
Branson runs alongside the Virgin team in the 2010 London Marathon.

Branson's a firm believer in philanthropy and has signed Bill Gates' and Warren Buffett's Giving Pledge, a promise to donate at least half of his fortune to charity.

He recommends charitable works as a great way to unite employees, and it's why he gets large groups of Virgin employees to run the New York and London marathons to raise money for their favourite charities.

3. Believe in your business.

Gareth Cattermole/Getty
Branson poses in front of a Virgin Atlantic Airwaves plane.

'A passionate belief in your business and personal objectives can make all the difference between success and failure. If you aren't proud of what you're doing, why should anybody else be?' Branson writes.

4. Have fun.

Wikimedia Commons
Branson has a love of extreme sports.

Branson says that the heart that unites all of the disparate companies under the Virgin name is a dedication to fun. 'Fun is one of the most important -- and underrated -- ingredients in any successful venture. If you're not having fun, then it's probably time to call it quits and try something else,' he writes.

Sometimes he's taken the fun too far, as when he was arrested in the '90s for a prank against his business partner gone wrong. But he has no regrets.

He recommends breaking down barriers in your business' corporate hierarchy through parties and other events to keep employees comfortable and open to sharing ideas.

5. Don't give up.

Sir Richard Branson speaking at a press conference after the 2014 Virgin Galactic crash.

Branson is always in pursuit of a difficult challenge to overcome, and with these risks come failures.

There have been flops like Virgin Cola and failed businesses like the Virgin Megastore, but he's also had to deal with catastrophes like last November's Virgin Galactic test flight crash, in which the copilot died and the pilot was gravely injured.

At the time of the Galactic tragedy's fallout, renowned crisis management expert Jeff Eller told Business Insider that Branson is 'a strong communicator. He knew he had to carry the load and he did. He was clear, solid, and credible.'

Not all bets can result in a huge success, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't make them, nor should you give up the first time something goes wrong.

6. Listen more and talk less.
Branson has said his dyslexia has become one of his biggest assets, since it forces him to rely on careful listening and note-taking.

While growing up with dyslexia, Branson developed a habit of writing things down so he could remember them. It's a practice he says he has maintained since childhood, and so he never goes anywhere without a physical notebook.
He says it has become his secret weapon as a businessman, since he is constantly making note of what others say, in addition to jotting down ideas as soon as they come to him.

7. Make room for personal time through delegation.

Warren Little/Getty
Sir Richard Branson and his daughter Holly Branson pose for a picture during the 2011 London Marathon.

'The art of delegation is one of the key skills any entrepreneur must master,' Branson writes. The most successful leaders know that they do not have the time or learning capacity to excel at every aspect of their company and thus hire people to take care of things they're either not good at or should not be wasting time on.

'It also gives you time to spend with your family, which is really the most important thing of all,' he says.

10. Be happy.

Michael Buckner/Getty
Branson is a tough business leader, but he prefers the lighter side of life.

To Branson, his $US5 billion net worth wouldn't mean anything if he didn't actually enjoy what he was doing. He sees success as a constant pursuit and indulgence of happiness. It's why he has his own private island.

But, he writes, 'as long as you are surrounded by the people you love and doing what you love, it really doesn't matter where you are.'

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