The Reserve Bank of India opted today not to change interest rates, keeping the repo rate at 8 per cent and the reverse repo rate at 7 per cent.
But two things suggest that monetary policy changes are soon to come.
First, inflation has dropped much lower than expected. Food and fuel inflation have fallen, and with them, consumer prices – down to 5.5 per cent in October, beating the central bank’s January 2016 target.
In statement today, the bank’s governor, Raghuram Rajan, hinted at a change in monetary policy “if the current inflation momentum and changes in inflationary expectations continue.”
The other factor is GDP growth, which has been slack, and is expected to remain so. Data released last week showed last quarter’s growth weakened to 5.3 per cent YOY, down from 5.7 per cent YOY in the previous quarter, and Rajan’s statement said that the current quarter’s growth would remain “muted.”
Pressure is building for the governor, who’s spent the past 15 months aggressively fighting inflation, to loosen rates soon. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley met with him on Monday to plead for rate cuts, which would help support growth.
Unlike the central banks of other emerging markets, the Reserve Bank of India under Rajan has the credibility to cut rates without appearing soft on inflation. Spiro Sovereign Strategy, a consultancy, referred to this as the “Rajan Factor” and contrasted it with Turkey’s central bank, which began cutting rates earlier this year in the midst of a surge of inflation.
Meanwhile, three other BRICS – Brazil, Russia, and South Africa – are all looking to raise interest rates next year, despite potentially recessionary conditions.
So compared to his peers, Rajan is looking pretty good. Depending on consumer price, wholesale price, and industrial production data due out later this month, he could begin loosening his tight monetary stance early next year.
The next RBI meeting is in February.
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