For 10 days, architect, photographer, and architecture and design critic for The Guardian, Oliver Wainwright, travelled to Pyongyang, North Korea where he got tours inside buildings, with permission to photograph.
“Having been told that photography would be strictly monitored by the official guides, I was pleasantly surprised by the freedom we were given to shoot pretty much anything we wanted,” Wainwright told Business Insider. “The only restrictions were on building sites — they like everything to look finished it’s photographed — as well as anything connected to the military, and people at work.”
He visited hotels, health and recreation centres, study houses, and more. Ahead, see rare photos inside North Korea’s buildings.
Wainwright was on an official guided tour organised by a Beijing-based company, Koryo tours, that has been taking foreigners into North Korea for over 20 years.
Wainwright said it took months of negotiation before North Korea allowed him to join the tour because 'journalists aren't given the same freedom as tourists,' he said.
'I have never been anywhere where a national ideology is so totally embodied in the architectural fabric of the city,' Wainwright said. 'To see the urban fabric, from the layout of streets to the specific design of interiors, expressing the values and ambitions of such an ideologically-driven regime was a fascinating thing to behold.'
'You might expect endless streets of crumbling grey concrete apartment buildings, but Pyongyang is one of the most colourful cities I have been to,' Wainwright said.
'The two things that most struck me about North Korea interiors were the sense of symmetry and the recurring pastel colour palettes,' Wainwright said.
Wainwright said the interiors themselves were a big enough inspiration for him to want to partake in this series. 'From the Soviet-era buildings from the 1950s and 1960s, when North Korea was heavily reliant on the USSR, to the more brightly coloured recent renovations masterminded by the current leader, Kim Jong-Un,' he said.
'Organised around long axial boulevards, the city is punctuated with gargantuan monuments and memorials, with statues and mosaics of the leaders everywhere you look,' Wainwright said. 'As well as the pink and red 'Kimjongilia' and 'Kimilsungia' flowers, which represent the leaders, Kim Jong-il and Kim Il Sung.'
'Symmetry is one of the guiding principles of Juche architecture, espoused by Kim Jong-il in his 1991 treatise, On Architecture,' Wainwright explained. 'It is usually used as a means of emphasising the importance of the statues and portraits of the leaders, with architectural elements designed to exaggerate the perspective and increase the sense of awe.'
'(Symmetry) is a very theatrical device, which is why I think so many North Korean spaces feel like stage sets,' Wainwright said. 'They're designed to evoke an emotional response'
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