The Fed printed $25 billion last week and deposited it into Primary Dealer Trading accounts. The Treasury paid down the last of its $25 billion in Supplementary Financing Program Cash Management bills. A net of $16 billion of that went back to the dealers and other players. So with $41 billion of “walking around money” to play with, it’s no surprise that stocks rose.
Meanwhile, banks did a little buying of Treasuries in mid March, but less than they did the week before. A drop in foreign central bank (FCB) buying over the past two weeks suggests that one of the biggest FCB buyers of Treasuries seems to have stopped bidding. We almost certainly know who it is and why. This is not just a short term situation.
When it comes to the Treasury auctions, both banks and FCBs have normal buying cycles, and both should be at or just past the peak part of their buying cycles if the current cycle conforms to past norms as I expect. In addition, because of Japan’s predicament, FCB buying is likely for the foreseeable future to be well below the necessary levels to keep levitating stocks. Add to that the ending of the 2 month long, $25 billion weekly stipend from the Treasury, and we have the conditions for a real rough patch. With less help from the Treasury, the banks, and FCBs, the Fed will have its hands full keeping all its balls in the air. Some are likely to hit the ground.
The first big test will be next Thursday, March 31, when the Treasury will settle around $61 billion in new paper. The pain of the dealers in paying for that should be expressed beginning by Tuesday, although on occasion the reaction can be delayed until immediately after the settlement, depending on external stimuli. There will probably need to be some liquidation somewhere. No one has shown any inclination of drawing down cash reserves to buy longer term Treasuries. One way or the other, the market should end the week heading down. Monday could still be a play date, but the game should begin to bog down by mid week as players start to leave the table.
Banks continue to accumulate cash at a frantic rate in their accounts at the Fed. The last time reserves rose this fast was in the midst of the crisis in 2008. Although the banks did buy some Treasuries in mid month this month, we continue to see evidence that they are losing money in the first quarter, especially the too big to fails. That could be a catalyst for problems when first quarter earnings begin to be released in April.
This report is a summary of the Wall Street Examiner Professional Edition Fed Report for March 27, 2011 titled Players are Leaving Fed’s Game. Stay up to date with the machinations of the Fed, Treasury, Primary Dealers and foreign central banks in the US market, along with regular updates of the US housing market, in the Fed Report in the Professional Edition, Money Liquidity, and Real Estate Package. Try it risk free for 30 days.