A photographer visited the abandoned towns around Chernobyl more than 20 times over the past 25 years, and the captivating photos show just how suddenly time stopped in its tracks after the disaster

Courtesy of David McMillan/Business Insider‘The buildings decay, and the natural world fills in the void,’ the photographer David McMillan told Business Insider.
  • On April 26, 1986, an explosion at the Chernobyl NuclearPower Plant, in what was then the Soviet Union, resulted in a cloud of radioactive particles spreading across parts of Europe.
  • The accident has gone down in history as the worst nuclear disaster.
  • About 350,000 people were evacuated from the area surrounding the power plant known as the exclusion zone and were given little time to prepare for leaving their lives behind.
  • As a result, many homes, places of work, and schools are untouched from how residents left them in 1986.
  • The Scottish-born Canadian photographer David McMillan has visited the abandoned and contaminated areas inside the exclusion zone, including the city of Pripyat, Ukraine, more than 20 times over the course of 25 years.
  • He compiled the resulting photographs into a book that was recently published called “Growth and Decay: Pripyat and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.”
  • The photos show just how suddenly time stopped in its tracks for Chernobyl’s residents following the explosion in 1986, when the area’s cities were emptied of its inhabitants, who left with little to their name.
  • “We can’t imagine having to leave everything behind that we have,” McMillan told Business Insider.
  • At the same time, the series also shows what happens to a place when there’s no one left to inhabit it.
  • Take a look at McMillan’s captivating photos.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.


The photographer David McMillan told Business Insider that he grew up during the Cold War, when tensions between the US and the Soviet Union posed threats of nuclear war.

Courtesy of David McMillanSinking Boat on the Pripyat River, Chernobyl, 1998.

Source: History


“I had this kind of fear,” McMillan said of growing up during that time period.

Courtesy of David McMillanKindergarten, Pripyat, 2011.

He said he became concerned about the role nuclear weapons could play in political warfare.

Courtesy of David McMillanSchoolroom, Village of Shipelicki, 1995.

Then, on April 26, 1986, a reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine exploded, shooting out toxic radioactive particles across parts of Europe.

Courtesy of David McMillanSchool Auditorium, Pripyat, 2008.

Source: Business Insider


About 350,000 people were evacuated, with most leaving their homes, places of work, and worldly belongings behind forever.

Courtesy of David McMillanVillage Hill, 1995.

Source: Business Insider


In the years following the disaster, McMillan said he kept up with the news about it, and he eventually decided he had to check it out for himself.

Courtesy of David McMillanScience Classroom with Tree, Pripyat, 2009.

“I was environmentally concerned as a photographer,” McMillan said. “This seemed like an obvious place to go.”

Courtesy of David McMillanDoors to Kindergarten Nap Room, Pripyat, 2004.

He said he decided to venture to the exclusion zone that was now permanently contaminated to see what the aftermath of a nuclear disaster looked like.

Courtesy of David McMillanBasketball Court, Pripyat, 2007.

“This place had experienced it,” McMillan said. “It wasn’t a war, of course — it was an accident — but I wanted to see what would happen to any part of the world if this occurred.”

Courtesy of David McMillanBroken Glass Block, School Gymnasium, 2006.

He said he went to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone for the first time in 1994, eight years after the nuclear meltdown.

Courtesy of David McMillanGymnasium Storage Room, Pripyat, 2004.

He said he started his journey by looking for people who could help get him in and by obtaining a visa because, at the time, you needed one to enter Ukraine.

Courtesy of David McMillanVillage Political Sign, 1998.

“The most difficult thing was to find someone who knew someone in the exclusion zone,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanBust of Lenin, 1998.

He said he eventually connected with a man who lived in Kiev, the Ukrainian capital, about 90 miles south of the exclusion zone, who agreed to get him in for a fee.

Courtesy of David McMillanGreen Gymnasium, Pripyat, 2009.

He said he stayed on that first trip for five days with a driver and an interpreter and was allowed to photograph anything he wanted.

Courtesy of David McMillanMural, School Hallway, Pripyat, 2003.

Many of his photos were taken in the city of Pripyat, Ukraine, a city about three miles northwest of the power plant.

Courtesy of David McMillanPath in Pripyat, 1996.

The city was once home to 50,000 people, most of whom worked at the plant, McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanChurch Interior, 1998.

Source: Atlas Obscura


The average age of the city’s population at the time was about 26 or 27 years old, McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanToy Horse on Kindergarten Floor, Pripyat, 1998.

Source: Atlas Obscura


So there were lots of kindergartens, hospitals, and schools, with amenities for entertainment like movie theatres and swimming pools.

Courtesy of David McMillanStairway, Entrance to the Palace of Culture, Pripyat, 1998.

Source: Atlas Obscura


“It was considered a model city for the rest of the Soviet Union,” McMillan said. “People wanted to live there.”

Courtesy of David McMillanDoor to Kindergarten Washroom, Pripyat, 2000.

Now those once glistening establishments are abandoned, deteriorated, and still contaminated, and Pripyat is one of the most unlivable places in the zone, McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanClassroom Corner, Pripyat, 1998.

“Nothing could be salvaged,” McMillan said. “It’s lost, it’s gone.”

Courtesy of David McMillanTire Swings, Pripyat, 2002.

The scenes depicted in the photos eerily show how residents were so quickly evacuated after the explosion in 1986.

Courtesy of David McMillanKindergarten with Tree, Pripyat, 2012.

McMillan said they left their furniture, pets, dental and school records, among other items, and were taken to other cities.

Courtesy of David McMillanPatient Records, Hospital, Pripyat, 2002.

Source: History


“They had to essentially start over from zero with all their credentials left behind,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanSchool Gymnasium with Tree and Balance Beam, 2006.

Some of the now crumbled structures were still being constructed at the time of the accident and were never even used, McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanBasketball Court, Pripyat, 1994.

A yellow Ferris wheel was being built for May Day, a significant Soviet holiday on May 1, and was finished just before the disaster on April 26. “It was never used,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanFerris Wheel, Pripyat, 1994.

Source: Business Insider


The solitary Ferris wheel is one of many locations that McMillan returned to and photographed over the course of 25 years on more than 20 trips.

Courtesy of David McMillanFerris Wheel, Pripyat, 2007.

He didn’t set out with the intention of photographing the same scenes years apart, but “that just started to happen,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanMural near Kindergarten, Pripyat, 1998.

He said he didn’t know how freely he would be allowed to travel, but after his first visit, he said he didn’t think he’d seen enough and felt like there was more to do.

Courtesy of David McMillanMural near Kindergarten, Pripyat, 2006.

“Maybe it would be interesting to compare what it was once like,” McMillan said he thought at the time.

Courtesy of David McMillanBoxing Ring, Palace of Culture, Pripyat, 1996.

With each visit, the sites he frequented over the years decayed even more. “Things deteriorate pretty quickly,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanBoxing Ring, Palace of Culture, Pripyat, 2012.

A striking example of that is a series of photos taken in a school hallway of flags representing the countries of the Soviet Union.

Courtesy of David McMillanFlags in Kindergarten Stairwell, Pripyat, 1994.

“Over the years, the flags had fallen and become damaged,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanFlags in Kindergarten Stairwell, Pripyat, 2003.

The Soviet Union itself fell apart in 1991, just five years after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

Courtesy of David McMillanFlags in Kindergarten Stairwell, Pripyat, 2008.

Source: History


In a photo taken in 2012, the flags are no longer recognisable.

Courtesy of David McMillanFlags in Kindergarten Stairwell, Pripyat, 2012.

Another sign of Pripyat’s Soviet history is a photo taken by McMillan in 1997 of a portrait of Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Russian Communist Party.

Courtesy of David McMillanPortrait of Lenin, Pripyat, 1997.

Source: Britannica


The portrait is also unrecognizable in a photo taken in 2009.

Courtesy of David McMillanPortrait of Lenin, Pripyat, 2009.

Other photos show the many facilities that Pripyat residents had access to, such as swimming pools.

Courtesy of David McMillanSwimming Pool, Pripyat, 1996.

A photo taken seven years later shows the pool completely drained and deteriorating.

Courtesy of David McMillanSwimming Pool, Pripyat, 2003.

Over time, McMillan said he also noticed the vegetation taking over.

Courtesy of David McMillanBumper Cars, Pripyat, 1994.

“The buildings decay, and the natural world fills in the void,” McMillan told Business Insider.

Courtesy of David McMillanBumper Cars, Pripyat, 2008.

McMillan said he was actually most afraid of buildings collapsing while he was exploring the zone, even more so than the danger posed by radiation.

Courtesy of David McMillanKindergarten Locker Room, Pripyat, 2012.

“Some of the buildings, you won’t be able to tell if you’re inside or outside,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanBook Store, Pripyat, 2012.

He said it had likely been years since anyone had walked into the buildings he was exploring.

Courtesy of David McMillanView of the Nuclear Power Plant from Pripyat Rooftop, 1994.

Besides the “Samosely,” or self-settlers, that live illegally inside the exclusion zone, no one makes their way into this area.

Courtesy of David McMillanView of the Nuclear Power Plant from Pripyat Rooftop, 2011.


Read more:
Photos show what daily life is really like inside Chernobyl’s exclusion zone, one of the most polluted areas in the world


But since 2010, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone has turned into an unlikely tourist destination. Visitors come to the site via bus.

Courtesy of David McMillanPlasticene Sculptures, Pripyat, 1995.

Source: The Guardian


McMillan said they’re brought in by small tour companies.

Courtesy of David McMillanPlasticene Sculptures, Pripyat, 2009.

And he said the tour doesn’t take them anywhere that isn’t considered safe or off the beaten track.

Courtesy of David McMillanShelves and Toys, Kindergarten, Pripyat, 1997.

McMillan said the idea of Chernobyl being a tourist destination seems strange to him, but he said he acknowledges that he is also there in an unconventional way.

Courtesy of David McMillanShelves and Toys, Kindergarten, Pripyat, 2011.

“They’re there with their smartphones taking selfies,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanSchool Hallway, Pripyat, 2004.

McMillan said the tourists pay a fee to get in.

Courtesy of David McMillanSchool Hallway, Pripyat, 2006.

“People seem to want to do it, and it’s become a source of income for a lot of people,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanClassroom Entrance, Pripyat, 1994.

The radiation levels obviously don’t stop the tourists from visiting.

Courtesy of David McMillanClassroom Entrance, Pripyat, 2005.

Nor do they stop McMillan, who said he doesn’t have any health issues from his time spent in the exclusion zone.

Courtesy of David McMillanYellow Room, Pripyat, 1994.

“As far as I know, I’m fine,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanYellow Room, Pripyat, 2005.

He said he has learned from his experience travelling to and photographing what was left of society in the zone.

Courtesy of David McMillanMusic Room, Kindergarten, Pripyat, 1995.

“You become grateful for the life you have,” McMillan said.

Courtesy of David McMillanMusic Room, Kindergarten, Pripyat, 2009.

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