A tiny island in the middle of the Pacific just became even more crucial to US military might

A tiny island roughly five times smaller than Rhode Island in the middle of the Pacific is currently hosting all three types of America’s strategic bombers and the most advanced missile defence system on the planet.

The B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer, and B-2 Spirit bombers coupled with the Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) missile defence system make Guam the epitome of the US’s ability to project power.

And while the military installations on Guam have always been some of the most strategically important bases in US Pacific Command’s portfolio, the Army’s decision to permanently deploy a THAAD battery to the island ups the ante.

Currently, there are five THAAD batteries — each of approximately 100 soldiers — assigned to Ft. Bliss in El Paso, Texas. One of those batteries was temporarily deployed to Guam in April 2013 in order to deter North Korean provocations and further defend the Pacific region.

However, the US Army has decided to make the temporary, rotational THAAD battery in Guam a permanent mission.

“The permanent stationing of a THAAD battery in Guam is part of the global posture that continues to provide missile defence capability to the Combatant Commander in the most efficient way,” US Army Col. Shana Peck, who, as commander of the 11th Air Defence Artillery Brigade oversees all five THAAD batteries as well as four Patriot missile defence battalions, told Business Insider.

THAAD is the most advanced missile system on the planet and can hunt and blast incoming missiles right out of the sky with a 100% success rate.

What’s more, THAAD is also headed to South Korea after the bilateral decision between Seoul and Washington to deploy a battery.

In a move that has The Hermit Kingdom, China, and Russia spooked, South Korea’s military will have the unique air-defence system operational by the end of 2017. Until then, the permanent THAAD system will further defend the region in Guam and will become operational by October 1.

NOW WATCH: Meet THAAD: America’s answer to North Korean threats

NOW WATCH: Briefing videos

Business Insider Emails & Alerts

Site highlights each day to your inbox.

Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram.