What is becoming increasingly clear is that it took a village to enable Jerry Sandusky to allegedly continue molesting young boys for 15 years.It wasn’t just a failure of one or two people at Penn State.
It was the failure of a culture and a football program that valued protecting its own over protecting innocent victims.
We’ve put together a brief guide to the men and women at the centre of the scandal.
Some allegedly committed crimes, some allegedly ignored crimes, and others are fighting to prosecute those crimes.
Sandusky spent 23 years as PSU's defensive coordinator until he retired in 1999.
He faces life in prison for alledgedly sexually abusing eight young boys between 1994 and 2009.
Sandusky was the biggest booster of a Second Miles -- a charity problem that helped troubled youth. The grand jury found that he used this program to meet, befriend, and then allegedly molest his victims.
Some of the alleged crimes were committed at Penn State football facilities, but he was allowed to stay around the program until he was arrested despite many PSU officials knowing about a 2002 incident in which a graduate assistant says he saw him raping a boy in a locker-room shower.
Mike McQueary, the graduate assistant and current assistant coach who says he witnessed Sandusky sexually abusing a 10-year-old boy in 2002
McQueary is the graduate assistant who testified to seeing Sandusky raping a 10-year-old boy in a shower in 2002.
Distraught, he says he told head coach Joe Paterno the next day, and met with two top administrators a week later. But he never went to the police.
He is now one of the team's most prominent assistant coaches.
He faces no criminal charges.
Paterno fulfilled his legal obligation by reporting what McQueary told him to his athletic director.
But he never told the cops, and allowed Sandusky to stay around the program for nearly a decade after he was made aware of the incident.
He testified that McQueary told him he saw Sandusky 'fondling or doing something of a sexual nature to a young boy.'
Pennsylvania authorities said yesterday that he did not do enough.
Curley is being charged with perjury and failing to report suspected child abuse.
He testified that McQueary told him that Sandusky made 'inappropriate conduct' with the boy, but denied that he was told of anything more serious than 'horsing around.'
The grand jury concluded that he was lying about what he was told.
He stepped down from his post on Sunday.
Gary Schultz, the fellow administrator who was told about the 2002 incident, but never reported it to police
He is also being tried for perjury and failure to report.
He testified that he 'had the impression that Sandusky might have inappropriately grabbed the young boy's genitals while wrestling and agreed that such was inappropriate sexual conduct between a man and a boy.'
At the time, he oversaw the campus police. But he didn't tell them that someone witnessed a sex crime in a football shower.
He stepped down on Sunday.
Spanier was made aware of the 2002 incident a few weeks after it happened.
But he denied that what he was told by Curley and Schultz constituted a sex crime, and also described it as 'horsing around.'
Many are calling for his resignation.
Kelly is the one leading the three-year investigation into Sandusky.
She said yesterday that Sandusky is a 'sexual predatory,' and that PSU had a culture that failed to do enough to stop him.
She says Paterno is not a target of the investigation at this time.
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