19 unforgettable images from the Pearl Harbour attack 78 years ago

US NavyThe USS West Virginia burns in Pearl Harbour.
  • The devastating Japanese attack began Sunday at 7:48 a.m., eventually killing 2,402 Americans and wounding many others, sinking four battleships and damaging many more.
  • The Pearl Harbour attack spurred America into World War II. Here are photographs from the attack and its immediate aftermath.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

December 7, 1941 began as a perfect Sunday morning for the troops serving the US fleet at Pearl Harbour.

Under a early morning South Pacific sun, softball teams were lining up on the beach. Pitchers warmed up their arms, while batting rosters were finalised and the wives and kids came over from seaside church services.

They did not know that for hours the Japanese naval fleet and air forces had been speeding across the ocean toward America’s Pacific base. There, like a string of pearls draped across the docks and waterfront, was the majority of America’s naval might.

The devastating Japanese onslaught began at 7:48 a.m., eventually killing 2,402 Americans and wounding many others, sinking four battleships and damaging many more.

The Pearl Harbour attack spurred America into World War II, leading ultimately to Allied victory over the Japanese in the East and Nazis and other Axis powers in the West. And the country promised never to forget this day of infamy.

Here are photographs from the attack and its immediate aftermath.

Amanda Macias and Kamelia Angelova contributed to an earlier version of this story.


On the morning of December 7, 1941, an attack planned by Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto to demobilize the US Navy was carried out.

APOne of more than 180 planes used in the attack.

Around 7 a.m., an Army radar operator spotted the first wave of the Japanese planes. The officers who received these reports did not consider them significant enough to take action.

U.S. NavyAn aerial view of Battleship Row in the opening moments of the raid.

The Japanese hit most of the US ships in Oahu before 9 a.m.

APA Japanese plane flying over Pearl Harbour as black smoke rises from the area.

The Japanese also took the opportunity to attack military airfields while bombing the fleet in Pearl Harbour. The purpose of these simultaneous attacks was to destroy American planes before they could respond.


More than 90 ships were anchored at Pearl Harbour. The primary targets were the eight battleships in Battleship Row.

U.S. NavyBattleship Row during the attack.

The USS West Virginia, left, was one of the battleships to sink during the attack. The Japanese successfully damaged all eight.

U.S. NavyThe West Virginia and the USS Tennessee.

At about 8:10 a.m., the USS Arizona exploded as a bomb ignited its forward ammunition magazine. About half of the total number of Americans killed that day were on this ship.


Here’s another picture of the USS Arizona sinking.

AP

The USS Shaw, a destroyer, also exploded during the two-hour attack by Japan.


The damaged USS Nevada tried to escape down the channel toward the open sea but became a target during the second wave of 170 Japanese planes, hoping to sink it in the channel and block the narrow entrance to Pearl Harbour. The ship was grounded with 60 killed on board.

National Archives and Records Administration

A Japanese plane hit by American naval antiaircraft fire was engulfed in flames. Fewer than 30 Japanese planes were lost in the attack.

AP

About 190 US planes were destroyed, and another 159 were damaged.

APHickam Field near Pearl Harbour.

Sailors at the Naval Air Station in Kaneohe, Hawaii, attempted to salvage a burning PBY Catalina in the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.


People in New York’s Times Square bought newspapers with headlines like this one, “Japs Attack US.” The US entered World War II after the surprise attack.

AP

Salvage work soon began on the destroyers USS Cassin and USS Downes. The Japanese failed to damage any US aircraft carriers, which were surprisingly absent from the harbour.

U.S. Navy

About 10% of Japanese planes were lost on December 7, 1941.

APA Japanese torpedo plane being hoisted from the bottom of the sea.

The USS Oklahoma was considered too old to be worth repairing.

U.S. NavyOne of the Oklahoma’s propellors peeking out from the water.

Here, a Marine holds a piece of shrapnel removed from his arm after the attack.


Sailors participated in a memorial service for the more than 2,400 Americans killed in the attack.

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