- Paul Manafort, the former chairman of President Donald Trump’s campaign, most likely has one question on his mind after being jailed while he awaits trial: Should he flip?
- “It’s one thing to be a stand-up guy and not cooperate with prosecutors when you’re out and about,” one Justice Department veteran said. “That dynamic changes once the cell door locks and you spend your first night in prison.”
- One important factor that could stand in the way of Manafort’s striking a plea deal is Trump’s pardon power.
- Trump said Friday that he felt bad for Manafort and believes he is being treated unfairly. He later wrote on Twitter that Manafort got a “tough sentence.”
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A federal judge’s decision on Friday to send Paul Manafort to jail means Manafort, the former chairman of President Donald Trump’s campaign, is now faced with the same decision as several others in the Russia investigation: Should he flip?
“It’s one thing to be a stand-up guy and not cooperate with prosecutors when you’re out and about,” said Jeffrey Cramer, a longtime former federal prosecutor who spent 12 years at the Justice Department. “That dynamic changes once the cell door locks and you spend your first night in prison.”
Manafort was on supervised release since being indicted by the special counsel Robert Mueller’s office in October. He has pleaded not guilty to nearly two dozen charges related to tax and bank fraud, money laundering, making false statements, and failure to register as a foreign agent.
Most recently, he and his associate Konstantin Kilimnik, a former Russian intelligence operative, were charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice and obstruction of justice after Mueller’s office accused them of attempting to tamper with potential witnesses.
Prosecutors last week asked US District Judge Amy Berman Jackson to revoke Manafort’s bail, arguing that he had violated the terms of his release. He is now in jail while he awaits trial.
This is not the first time prosecutors have made such a request. In December, Mueller’s team asked the court to revise the terms of Manafort’s release after it learned that, while out on bail, he was ghostwriting an op-ed article about his lobbying work for Ukraine. Jackson issued a warning to Manafort at the time and did not penalise him.
But a witness-tampering charge bears far more weight with judges, legal experts say, because it could show a defendant’s willingness to interfere with the administration of justice.
Jackson indicated as much during Friday’s hearing.
“This is not about politics,” she said. “It is not about the conduct of the Office of Special Counsel. It is about the defendant’s alleged conduct.”
“Manafort did this to himself,” Cramer said. “And now he’s caught between a rock and a hard place, because he’s going to be in jail for months.”
He added: “This is a 70-year-old guy who has never seen the inside of prison. It’s one thing to intellectually wrap your mind around going to jail for a decade. It’s another thing to stare that square in the eye, which is what Manafort’s doing tonight.”
The shadow looming over Manafort’s case
One important factor, however, could stand in the way of prosecutors’ sealing a cooperation deal with the former Trump campaign chairman.
“What makes the Manafort case unique is that there is a shadow hanging over it, which is the presidential pardon power,” said Patrick Cotter, a former federal prosecutor who has worked with members of Mueller’s team in the past. “A normal defendant might have no reason to believe there was any chance they were going to be pardoned anytime soon, and they would feel tremendous pressure to cut a deal.”
Cotter added that Manafort “has reasons to believe he might be pardoned by the president at some point.”
“And that may make him feel less inclined to cooperate,” Cotter said.
The court’s decision to jail Manafort ahead of his trial also poses a dilemma for Trump.
When Manafort was out on supervised release, Trump might have been faced with whether to pardon him following his trial. That timeline has now moved up.
“Trump doesn’t have the luxury of waiting to see what happens with Manafort’s trial, because Manafort is likely weighing whether to flip as we speak,” Cramer said.
Trump has vacillated between distancing himself from Manafort and sympathizing with him.
Hours before Manafort was jailed, Trump said he felt “badly” for him. Shortly after, he tweeted that Manafort had gotten a “tough sentence.”
Trump’s lead defence lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, also suggested Friday that “things might get cleaned up” if Trump issued “some presidential pardons” in the investigation.
There’s also no guarantee that pardoning Manafort would prevent prosecutors from learning what information he knows.
When a defendant is pardoned, they lose their Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. That means Mueller’s team could serve Manafort with a grand-jury subpoena after a pardon, forcing him to be a witness against a bigger target.
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