Haunting photos reveal what nuclear-disaster ghost towns look like years after being abandoned

Kyodo News/Getty ImagesTsunami-damaged buildings in Namie, Fukushima, on March 11, 2019.

Hours after the accident at the Chernobyl power plant, the worst nuclear disaster in history, residents of the city of Pripyat were going about their Saturdays as normal. Children picked wildflowers and played outside. Adults gardened, fished, and even got married.

By the following day, however, they were rounded onto buses and told to bring just a few belongings – important paperwork, personal mementos, and a bit of food. The move was only temporary, the city council said, but most residents would never return.

Today, Pripyat is still relatively abandoned, aside from tour groups that walk along designated pathways and gather inside blighted kindergartens, hospitals, and schools.

The city is perhaps the world’s most famous nuclear ghost town, but it’s not the only one.

Other major nuclear accidents have prompted evacuations that abruptly emptied cities and villages. Here’s what some of these abandoned areas look like.

In the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, Pripyat residents were given less than an hour to pack.

Gleb Garanich/ReutersA ferris wheel in the ghost town of Pripyat on April 13, 2006.

Residents left behind Soviet-era posters, ballot boxes, and flags.

The city’s buildings, homes, and amusement park have been deserted ever since.

‘Abandoned Places’The Pripyat amusement park, which was was scheduled to open five days after Chernobyl, never officially welcomed visitors.

“We didn’t just lose a town, we lost our whole lives,” one evacuee recalled in the book “Voices from Chernobyl” by Svetlana Alexievich.

Some artifacts have survived the test of time, while others have disintegrated.

Valentyn Ogirenko/ReutersGas masks at a former base of the Soviet army near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.

Graffiti artists have drawn strange shadowy figures on the walls of buildings.

Alexey Furman/Anadolu Agency/Getty ImagesGraffiti in the abandoned city of Pripyat, Ukraine.
One motif seen throughout the area is a series of childlike figures that are said to represent the ghosts of former residents.

Adult tourists can view scattered remnants from Pripyat’s former occupants. Visitors are required to wear closed footwear and cover their arms and legs to avoid any skin contact with radioactive material.

Valentyn Ogirenko/ReutersTourists in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

Tourists are also instructed not to touch any artifacts, trees, or walls.

Creepy dolls can be found on windowsills and beds, but they were likely staged by visitors.

Gleb Garanich/ReutersA vintage doll placed by a visitor on a bed at a kindergarten near the Chernobyl power plant.

A group of “disaster tourists” arranged some the haunting dolls on the beds in an abandoned kindergarten for dramatic effect.

Nearby, the ghost town of Kopachi is also open for tours.

Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty ImagesTourists take pictures of a building in the ghost village of Kopachi during a tour of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone on April 23, 2018.

Tours of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone – a 1,000-square-mile restricted area surrounding the nuclear power plant – often take visitors to Kopachi, which is on the road from Pripyat to Chernobyl.

Read more:
Photos of the abandoned towns around Chernobyl show time standing still

Most of the village’s homes were bulldozed and buried after Chernobyl.

Sean Gallup/Getty ImagesBooks and music notes lie strewn on the floor in the abandoned kindergarten in Kopachi on September 29, 2015.

The action was supposed to prevent the spread the contamination, but it wound up having the opposite effect – the efforts pushed radiation deeper into the soil and closer to groundwater.

Few buildings remain, aside from an abandoned kindergarten.

Sean Gallup/Getty ImagesChildren’s beds stand in the abandoned kindergarten of Kopachi on September 29, 2015.

There is also a memorial that honours the Soviet soldiers who liberated the village during World War II.

Ronald Woan/FlickrA World War II memorial in Kopachi.

Meanwhile, an abandoned trolley bus sits in the middle of a forested area.

Ernestas/FlickrAn abandoned bus in Kopachi.

Twenty-five years after Chernobyl, a power plant disaster in Fukushima, Japan, forced the evacuation of multiple towns in 2011.

Yusuke Harada/NurPhoto/Getty ImagesDilapidated houses along a deserted street in Namie on March 11, 2018.

On March 11, 2011, the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami resulted in three nuclear meltdowns and multiple hydrogen explosions at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.

The morning after the disaster, Japanese authorities evacuated the entire town of Namie, which is downwind from the power plant.

Damir Sagolj/ReutersA damaged primary school in Namie on September 22, 2013.

Residents weren’t allowed back for six years.

Yusuke Harada/NurPhoto/Getty ImagesRusted playground equipment at an abandoned park in Namie, Japan on March 10, 2019.

In 2017, the government partially lifted the evacuation orders, allowing around 21,000 former residents to reoccupy certain areas. About 1,000 people chose to move back.

Namie is divided into three zones, two of which have been re-opened.

Toru Hanai/ReutersA classroom at Ukedo elementary school in Namie, Fukushima, on March 1, 2017.

The third zone, which makes up around 80% of the district, is still off-limits due to elevated levels of radiation.

With humans gone, wild boars began roaming the streets.

Toru Hanai/ReutersA wild boar walks through a residential area in Namie, Fukushima, on March 1, 2017.

The animals started foraging for food in Namie after the disaster, so local hunters began trapping and killing them.

Many former residents are still too scared to return.

Shiho Fukada/The Washington Post/Getty ImagesAn abandoned hair salon in Namie, Fukushima, on January 24, 2019.

Some former residents remain sceptical of claims that the area is safe, while others find it too painful to live among the demolished homes and empty school buildings.

In addition to Namie, Japanese authorities designated other municipalities as “difficult-to-return” zones.

Toru Hanai/ReutersA dismantled sign reads, ‘Nuclear Power – The Energy for a Better Future,’ in the exclusion zone in Futaba on February 15, 2016.

One of those zones was Futaba, was home to about 7,000 people at the time of the accident.

Damir Sagolj/ReutersBicycles are left behind near the train station in the evacuated town of Futaba on September 22, 2013.

Futaba is now an eerie shell of its former self.

Many buildings there are strewn with discarded objects, and abandoned vehicles have been enveloped by overgrown weeds.

The Asahi Shimbun/Getty ImagesA shop in Futaba, Fukushima, on March 11, 2019.

The vast majority of the town is still under an evacuation advisory.

Sergey Ponomarev/AP PhotoDeserted hospital beds in Futaba, Fukushima, on April 21, 2011.

Authorities are working to make the site livable by 2022, but few residents are expected to return.

The Asahi Shimbun/Getty ImagesShizuko Nakano, 68, leaves her home in Futaba after a temporary visit on March 11, 2019.

“If this was two or three years after the disaster, I might have a choice to return. But my house became run-down and I got old,” a 69-year-old evacuee told The Japan Times in 2017. “Realistically speaking, I don’t think I can live there now.”

The Japanese town of Ōkuma has already reopened to the public after sitting empty for eight years.

Lars Nicolaysen/Getty ImagesAbandoned houses in the town of Okuma, Japan.

Ōkuma lies to the south of Namie and Futaba. The town was home to about 10,000 residents at the time of the Fukushima disaster.

Earlier this year, Japanese authorities determined that radiation levels in two of Ōkuma’s districts were low enough for people to return.

Many of Ōkuma’s sites are still shuttered, though.

Shiho Fukada/The Washington Post/Getty ImagesThe parking lot of an abandoned restaurant along the route 6 in Okuma on January 24, 2019.

Around 50 people began moving into new homes in April, but most former residents have chosen to stay away.

Though Ōkuma has a new corner shop and town hall, its hospital and town centre still aren’t safe to enter due to radiation.

Issei Kato/ReutersAbandoned cars covered by weeds in Okuma, Fukushima, on February 20, 2019.

An explosion at the Mayak nuclear facility in Russia is considered the world’s third-worst nuclear accident, behind Fukushima and Chernobyl.

Sergei Karpukhin/ReutersAn abandoned glue factory in Muslyumovo on March 17, 2003.

The explosion released around 2 million curies of radioactive waste.

It took Russian authorities more than 50 years to evacuate the nearby village of Muslyumovo, which was contaminated by the nuclear explosion in 1957.

Denis Sinyakov/ReutersA man walks next to his old house in the village of Muslyumovo on November 17, 2010.

Details about the incident didn’t emerge until after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Read more:
13 of the largest abandoned cities and ghost towns around the world, and the eerie stories behind them

In 2009, residents were relocated about a mile away to an area dubbed “New Muslyumovo.”

Denis Sinyakov/ReutersThe village of ‘New Muslyumovo’ on November 17, 2010.

Much of the old territory was torn down. Homes were demolished, and the remains were thrown into pits, then buried.

Denis Sinyakov/ReutersA sign in front of an abandoned school in Muslyumovo forbids fishing, gathering mushrooms, and picking berries.

But a few families belonging to a local ethnic group, the Tatars, chose to remain in the ghost town.

Denis Sinyakov/ReutersAlik Nuryshev, a local resident in Muslyumovo, suffers from epilepsy and cerebral palsy.

The ghost town of Atomic City, Idaho, meanwhile, didn’t empty out all at once.

David HansonA run-down building photographed by David Hanson on his trip to Atomic City.

In 1955, a small nuclear meltdown took place just outside Atomic City, at the Experimental Breeder Reactor-1, the world’s first electricity-generating nuclear power plant.

David HansonAn empty car photographed by Hanson on his trip.

Then in 1961, three people died in a steam explosion and meltdown at a nuclear power reactor in nearby Idaho Falls.

David Hanson

Those accidents led to a steady decline in the town’s population: It went from around 140 residents in 1960 to just two dozen in 1970. The population has hovered around 25 ever since.

David Hanson

Today, the area is full of abandoned cars and dilapidated homes and trailers.

David HansonA trailer captured by Hanson in Atomic City.

Photographer David Hanson told Insider that when he visited the site in the mid-80s, there wasn’t a person in sight.

Read more:
10 haunting photos of Idaho’s Atomic City, 30 years after nuclear disaster drove everyone away

Business Insider Emails & Alerts

Site highlights each day to your inbox.

Follow Business Insider Australia on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram.