The 3 most common languages in every New York City neighbourhood

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  • New York City contains dozens of neighbourhoods across its five boroughs: Brooklyn, Manhattan, Staten Island, Queens, and the Bronx.
  • Residents of those neighbourhoods speak an abundance of languages.
  • Using census data from the Minnesota Population Center, we found the three most commonly spoken languages in each neighbourhood.

New York is a city of neighbourhoods, and those neighbourhoods have a diverse array of people from all over the world.

The Census Bureau’s American Community Survey provides a picture of several demographic, economic, and social characteristics of the US population. One of the questions on the survey asks respondents which language they mainly speak at home. Using data from the Minnesota Population Center’s 2011-2015 ACS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, we found the top three languages spoken in each New York neighbourhood.

For our working definition of neighbourhood, we used the Census Bureau’s Public Use Microdata Areas, which are designed to allow small-scale geographic analyses of individual-level ACS data. In New York, these areas mostly correspond to the city’s community districts (or groups of two for areas with smaller populations), so they’re a pretty good proxy for neighbourhoods.

Here are the three most common languages spoken at home in each New York City neighbourhood.


Manhattan CD 1 & 2: Battery Park City, Greenwich Village & Soho

Dmitrii Sakharov/Shutterstock

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Manhattan CD 3: Chinatown & Lower East Side

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Manhattan CD 4 & 5: Chelsea, Clinton & Midtown Business District

Andrew Burton/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Manhattan CD 6: Murray Hill, Gramercy & Stuyvesant Town

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French


Manhattan CD 7: Upper West Side & West Side

robert cicchetti/Shutterstock

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French


Manhattan CD 8: Upper East Side

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French


Manhattan CD 9: Hamilton Heights, Manhattanville & West Harlem

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Manhattan CD 10: Central Harlem

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French


Manhattan CD 11: East Harlem

Allen Zheng/Shutterstock

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Manhattan CD 12: Washington Heights, Inwood & Marble Hill

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Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Russian


Brooklyn CD 1: Greenpoint & Williamsburg

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Yiddish


Brooklyn CD 2: Brooklyn Heights & Fort Greene

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Brooklyn CD 3: Bedford-Stuyvesant

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Yiddish


Brooklyn CD 4: Bushwick

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Chinese


Brooklyn CD 5: East New York & Starrett City

Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Bengali


Brooklyn CD 6: Park Slope, Carroll Gardens & Red Hook

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French


Brooklyn CD 7: Sunset Park & Windsor Terrace

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Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Chinese


Brooklyn CD 8: Crown Heights North & Prospect Heights

Wikimedia Commons

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French/Haitian Creole


Brooklyn CD 9: Crown Heights South, Prospect Lefferts & Wingate

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: French/Haitian Creole

Third most common language: Spanish


Brooklyn CD 10: Bay Ridge & Dyker Heights

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Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Brooklyn CD 11: Bensonhurst & Bath Beach

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Chinese

Third most common language: Russian


Brooklyn CD 12: Borough Park, Kensington & Ocean Parkway

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Yiddish

Third most common language: Spanish


Brooklyn CD 13: Brighton Beach & Coney Island

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Most commonly spoken language at home: Russian

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Spanish


Brooklyn CD 14: Flatbush & Midwood

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French/Haitian Creole


Brooklyn CD 15: Sheepshead Bay, Gerritsen Beach & Homecrest

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Russian

Third most common language: Chinese


Brooklyn CD 16: Brownsville & Ocean Hill

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French/Haitian Creole


Brooklyn CD 17: East Flatbush, Farragut & Rugby

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: French/Haitian Creole

Third most common language: Spanish


Brooklyn CD 18: Canarsie & Flatlands

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: French/Haitian Creole

Third most common language: Spanish


Queens CD 1: Astoria & Long Island City

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Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Greek


Queens CD 2: Sunnyside & Woodside

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Chinese


Queens CD 3: Jackson Heights & North Corona

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Bengali


Queens CD 4: Elmhurst & South Corona

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Chinese


Queens CD 5: Ridgewood, Glendale & Middle Village

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Polish


Queens CD 6: Forest Hills & Rego Park

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Russian

Third most common language: Spanish


Queens CD 7: Flushing, Murray Hill & Whitestone

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Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Chinese

Third most common language: Spanish


Queens CD 8: Briarwood, Fresh Meadows & Hillcrest

Kefalos11 via Wikimedia CommonsA view of the NYC skyline from the Queens College campus

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Chinese


Queens CD 9: Richmond Hill & Woodhaven

RaySawak via Wikimedia CommonsLong Island Railroad train tracks in Forest Park, Richmond Hill, Queens, New York

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Punjabi


Queens CD 10: Howard Beach & Ozone Park

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Bengali


Queens CD 11: Bayside, Douglaston & Little Neck

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Chinese

Third most common language: Korean


Queens CD 12: Jamaica, Hollis & St. Albans

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Bengali


Queens CD 13: Queens Village, Cambria Heights & Rosedale

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: French/Haitian Creole


Queens CD 14: Far Rockaway, Breezy Point & Broad Channel

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Russian


Bronx CD 1 & 2: Hunts Point, Longwood & Melrose

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: French


Bronx CD 3 & 6: Belmont, Crotona Park East & East Tremont

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Kru


Bronx CD 4: Concourse, Highbridge & Mount Eden

Corey Perrine/Getty

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Kru


Bronx CD 5: Morris Heights, Fordham South & Mount Hope

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Kru


Bronx CD 7: Bedford Park, Fordham North & Norwood

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Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Bengali


Bronx CD 8: Riverdale, Fieldston & Kingsbridge

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Russian


Bronx CD 9: Castle Hill, Clason Point & Parkchester

Most commonly spoken language at home: Spanish

Second most common language: English

Third most common language: Bengali


Bronx CD 10: Co-op City, Pelham Bay & Schuylerville

Chris Nagy/Gotham Coyote Project

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Italian


Bronx CD 11: Pelham Parkway, Morris Park & Laconia

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Albanian


Bronx CD 12: Wakefield, Williamsbridge & Woodlawn

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Kru


Staten Island CD 1: Port Richmond, Stapleton & Mariner’s Harbour

Melia Robinson/BI

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Arabic


Staten Island CD 2: New Springville & South Beach

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Russian


Staten Island CD 3: Tottenville, Great Kills & Annadale

Most commonly spoken language at home: English

Second most common language: Spanish

Third most common language: Italian

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