What people at every income level from $21,000 to $266,000 will have to pay in taxes this year

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The new tax brackets apply to income earned in 2019. Strelka Institute/Flickr
  • The IRS released new tax brackets, adjusted for inflation, for 2019.
  • The tax brackets apply to income earned in 2019. (Taxes are due on April 15 for income earned in 2018.)
  • The federal income-tax ranges have shifted slightly, and the standard deduction will be $US12,200 for single filers and $US24,400 for married filers.
  • We’ve calculated the tax rate for people in jobs with different average salaries, including fast-food workers and dentists.

It’s been over a year since President Donald Trump signed the Republican tax bill into law, overhauling the US tax code. It shifted the ranges for federal income-tax brackets and boosted take-home pay for about 90% of Americans.

Tax Day 2019, when taxes are due for income earned in 2018, the first year under the new tax law, is April 15.

After adjusting for inflation, the IRS released new tax brackets for income earned in 2019. The standard deduction will be $US12,200 for single filers and $US24,400 for married filers, an increase of $US200 and $US400, respectively.

2019 tax brackets table (1)

To find out how different occupations would fare under the new tax brackets, we started with the latest Bureau of Labour Statistics estimates of the average annual salaries for those occupations. We calculated the tax burden for a single filer using the standard deduction earning that average salary, based on the tax brackets and rates shown in the above graphic. We also found the effective tax rate, or the per cent share of the average income owed in taxes, for each of those occupations.

Again, these figures are calculated for federal income taxes only and do not take into account state income taxes, though some states don’t tax income at all.

Below, find out what people with jobs in 50 different income levels are likely to pay in taxes this year.


$US21,610: Fast-food cooks

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Average salary (2017): $US21,610

Total federal taxes: $US941

Effective federal tax rate: 4.4%


$US22,130: Cashiers

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Average salary (2017): $US22,130

Total federal taxes: $US997.48

Effective federal tax rate: 4.5%


$US25,280: Waiters and waitresses

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Average salary (2017): $US25,280

Total federal taxes: $US1,375.48

Effective federal tax rate: 5.4%


$US26,260: Bartenders

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Average salary (2017): $US26,260

Total federal taxes: $US1,493.08

Effective federal tax rate: 5.7%


$US27,480: Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

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Average salary (2017): $US27,480

Total federal taxes: $US1,639.48

Effective federal tax rate: 6%


$US30,480: Barbers

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Average salary (2017): $US30,480

Total federal taxes: $US1,999.48

Effective federal tax rate: 6.6%


$US31,870: Models

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Average salary (2017): $US31,870

Total federal taxes: $US2,166.28

Effective federal tax rate: 6.8%


$US32,570: Butchers and meat cutters

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Average salary (2017): $US32,570

Total federal taxes: $US2,250.28

Effective federal tax rate: 6.9%


$US34,760: Animal trainers

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Average salary (2017): $US34,760

Total federal taxes: $US2,513.08

Effective federal tax rate: 7.2%


$US38,890: Construction laborers

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Average salary (2017): $US38,890

Total federal taxes: $US3,008.68

Effective federal tax rate: 7.7%


$US40,840: Travel agents

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Average salary (2017): $US40,840

Total federal taxes: $US3,242.68

Effective federal tax rate: 7.9%


$US44,950: Massage therapists

Average salary (2017): $US44,950

Total federal taxes: $US3,735.88

Effective federal tax rate: 8.3%


$US49,650: Chefs and head cooks

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Average salary (2017): $US49,650

Total federal taxes: $US4,299.88

Effective federal tax rate: 8.7%


$US51,550: Reporters and correspondents

Average salary (2017): $US51,550

Total federal taxes: $US4,527.88

Effective federal tax rate: 8.8%


$US51,930: Firefighters

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Average salary (2017): $US51,930

Total federal taxes: $US4,598.88

Effective federal tax rate: 8.9%


$US53,910: Paralegals and legal assistants

Average salary (2017): $US53,910

Total federal taxes: $US5,034.48

Effective federal tax rate: 9.3%


$US55,270: Commercial divers

Average salary (2017): $US55,270

Total federal taxes: $US5,333.68

Effective federal tax rate: 9.7%


$US57,910: Electricians

Average salary (2017): $US57,910

Total federal taxes: $US5,914.48

Effective federal tax rate: 10.2%


$US60,760: Librarians

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Average salary (2017): $US60,760

Total federal taxes: $US6,541.48

Effective federal tax rate: 10.8%


$US66,220: Human-resources specialists

Average salary (2017): $US66,220

Total federal taxes: $US7,742.68

Effective federal tax rate: 11.7%


$US66,250: Zoologists and wildlife biologists

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Average salary (2017): $US66,250

Total federal taxes: $US7,749.28

Effective federal tax rate: 11.7%


$US66,990: Insurance sales agents

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Average salary (2017): $US66,990

Total federal taxes: $US7,912.08

Effective federal tax rate: 11.8%


$US67,990: Public-relations specialists

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Average salary (2017): $US67,990

Total federal taxes: $US8,132.08

Effective federal tax rate: 12%


$US74,680: Dental hygienists

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Average salary (2017): $US74,680

Total federal taxes: $US9,603.88

Effective federal tax rate: 12.9%


$US75,910: Real-estate brokers

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Average salary (2017): $US75,910

Total federal taxes: $US9,874.48

Effective federal tax rate: 13%


$US77,920: Accountants and auditors

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Average salary (2017): $US77,920

Total federal taxes: $US10,316.68

Effective federal tax rate: 13.2%


$US83,320: Detectives and criminal investigators

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Average salary (2017): $US83,320

Total federal taxes: $US11,504.68

Effective federal tax rate: 13.8%


$US87,530: Computer programmers

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Average salary (2017): $US87,530

Total federal taxes: $US12,430.88

Effective federal tax rate: 14.2%


$US88,080: Physical therapists

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Average salary (2017): $US88,080

Total federal taxes: $US12,551.88

Effective federal tax rate: 14.3%


$US91,790: Civil engineers

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Average salary (2017): $US91,790

Total federal taxes: $US13,368.08

Effective federal tax rate: 14.6%


$US92,740: Computer-system analysts

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Average salary (2017): $US92,740

Total federal taxes: $US13,557.08

Effective federal tax rate: 14.6%


$US97,440: Securities, commodities, and financial-services sales agents

Average salary (2017): $US97,440

Total federal taxes: $US14,631.86

Effective federal tax rate: 15%


$US99,580: Electrical engineers

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Average salary (2017): $US99,580

Total federal taxes: $US15,145.46

Effective federal tax rate: 15.2%


$US101,530: Veterinarians

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Average salary (2017): $US101,530

Total federal taxes: $US15,613.46

Effective federal tax rate: 15.4%


$US104,700: Mathematicians

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Average salary (2017): $US104,700

Total federal taxes: $US16,374.26

Effective federal tax rate: 15.6%


$US106,950: Sales engineers

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Average salary (2017): $US106,950

Total federal taxes: $US16,914.26

Effective federal tax rate: 15.8%


$US107,480: Nurse practitioners

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Average salary (2017): $US107,480

Total federal taxes: $US17,041.46

Effective federal tax rate: 15.9%


$US114,850: Actuaries

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Average salary (2017): $US114,850

Total federal taxes: $US18,810.26

Effective federal tax rate: 16.4%


$US115,300: Aerospace engineers

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Average salary (2017): $US115,300

Total federal taxes: $US18,918.26

Effective federal tax rate: 16.4%


$US119,570: Computer and information research scientists

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Average salary (2017): $US119,570

Total federal taxes: $US19,943.06

Effective federal tax rate: 16.7%


$US121,710: Pharmacists

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Average salary (2017): $US121,710

Total federal taxes: $US20,456.66

Effective federal tax rate: 16.8%


$US124,140: Personal financial advisers

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Average salary (2017): $US124,140

Total federal taxes: $US21,039.86

Effective federal tax rate: 16.9%


$US141,890: Lawyers

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Average salary (2017): $US141,890

Total federal taxes: $US25,299.86

Effective federal tax rate: 17.8%


$US145,620: Marketing managers

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Average salary (2017): $US145,620

Total federal taxes: $US26,195.06

Effective federal tax rate: 18%


$US161,280: Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

Average salary (2017): $US161,280

Total federal taxes: $US29,953.46

Effective federal tax rate: 18.6%


$US174,110: Dentists

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Average salary (2017): $US174,110

Total federal taxes: $US33,127.38

Effective federal tax rate: 19%


$US196,050: Chief executives

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Average salary (2017): $US196,050

Total federal taxes: $US40,148.18

Effective federal tax rate: 20.5%


$US208,560: Family and general practitioners

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Average salary (2017): $US208,560

Total federal taxes: $US44,151.38

Effective federal tax rate: 21.2%


$US229,380: Orthodontists

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Average salary (2017): $US229,380

Total federal taxes: $US51,206.15

Effective federal tax rate: 22.3%


$US265,990: Anesthesiologists

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Average salary (2017): $US265,990

Total federal taxes: $US64,019.65

Effective federal tax rate: 24.1%