Meet Judge Neil Gorsuch -- a frontrunner for Trump's Supreme Court nominee

Neil gorsuch10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals via Associated PressThis photo provided by the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals shows Judge Neil Gorsuch.

As President Donald Trump whittles down his shortlist for a Supreme Court nominee, Judge Neil Gorsuch, who serves on the federal appeals court’s 10th circuit in Denver, has emerged as one of the likely names to be selected.

Trump tweeted on Wednesday that he’ll announce his pick next Thursday, and later told Fox News’ Sean Hannity that he’s mostly finished deciding.

“I have made my decision pretty much in my mind, yes. That’s subject to change at the last moment, but I think this will be a great choice,” Trump said.

Media reports have indicated that Trump has narrowed his list to three candidates: Gorsuch, William Pryor, and Thomas Michael Hardiman.

Trump said during his campaign that he would seek to “appoint judges very much in the mould of Justice Scalia” — a characteristic which Gorsuch embodies in particular.

In a speech to Case Western Reserve University’s law school shortly after Scalia’s death, Gorsuch praised the justice for his unyielding textualism — interpreting a law according to its plain text, rather than considering the intent of the lawmakers or the consequences of its implementation.

Gorsuch said Scalia’s greatest achievement was perhaps his emphasis on the differences between legislators, who he said use the law according to their own morals and ambitions for society’s future, and judges, who “should do none of these things in a democratic society.”

“Judges should instead strive (if humanly and so imperfectly) to apply the law as it is, focusing backward, not forward, and looking to text, structure, and history to decide what a reasonable reader at the time of the events in question would have understood the law to be,” Gorsuch said during the speech.

Scalia’s method of statutory interpretation was done “correctly” and was undoubtedly a “success,” according to Gorsuch, who quoted Scalia as saying, “If you’re going to be a good and faithful judge, you have to resign yourself to the fact that you’re not always going to like the conclusions you reach. If you like them all the time, you’re probably doing something wrong.”

Similarly, Gorsuch also supports originalism, meaning he seeks to interpret the law according to the original meaning of the Constitution as it was written. During cases, Gorsuch would frequently ask his clerks to scour historical sources whenever a constitutional issue arose, David Feder, one of his former clerks, wrote in a blog post for the Yale Journal on Regulation.

“‘We need to get this right,’ was the memo — and right meant ‘as originally understood,'” Feder said.

‘Conservatives will love him’

Gorsuch, who at 49 would be the youngest justice currently sitting on the Supreme Court bench, comes with a prestigious academic and legal background, as well as staunchly conservative credentials.

He graduated from Harvard Law School, and clerked for Supreme Court justices Byron White and Anthony Kennedy. A Denver native, Gorsuch was appointed to the federal appeals court for the 10th circuit by President George W. Bush in 2006, and had worked in the administration’s Department of Justice prior to his appointment.

Like Scalia, Gorsuch has become known for his writing style, which is often imbibed with his wit and personality. But, in a departure from the famously combative justice, Gorsuch has a reputation for projecting an easygoing demeanour — a trait that could work in his favour during the hearings in which Democrats have vowed to fight “tooth and nail.”

“I think the conservatives will love him and the liberals will find very little to fault,” Mark Hansen, a former partner of Gorsuch’s at Kellogg Huber Hansen, told CNN. “He’s an affable, collegial, unpretentious man with a good sense of humour.”

Gorsuch is also known for his votes and opinions in favour of religious liberty, in perhaps his notable case siding with claimants Hobby Lobby and Little Sisters of the Poor, who argued their religious beliefs were violated by the Affordable Care Act’s contraceptive mandate.

The government must not force those with “sincerely held religious beliefs” to be complicit in “conduct their religion teaches them to be gravely wrong,” Gorsuch wrote in his opinion.

The case went to the Supreme Court in 2014, which came to the same decision as Gorsuch in a 5-4 vote.

In criminal law, too, Gorsuch applies a textualist interpretation and often sides with defendants over prosecutors in an effort to avoid criminalizing conduct that could potentially be innocent.

In one 2013 case, for instance, Gorsuch ruled that a police officer in Lafayette, Colorado, had not used excessive force when he Tasered 22-year-old Ryan Wilson, who died from the incident. Gorsuch’s decision upheld a lower court’s ruling that the officer had qualified immunity, the Denver Post reported.

According to Gorsuch, all officers were protected under broadly applied qualified immunity laws, with the exception of “the plainly incompetent or those who knowingly violate the law.”

Gorsuch has also been a staunch opponent of what he calls “executive overreach,” a position that could appease many Republicans who criticised the Obama administration’s use of executive orders to cut through congressional gridlock, while also reassuring Democrats worried about the ramifications of Trump’s executive orders.

Executive bureaucracies, according to Gorsuch, “concentrate federal power in a way that seems more than a little difficult to square with the Constitution of the framers’ design. Maybe the time has come to face the behemoth.”

In keeping with Republican tradition, Gorsuch leans in favour of state power over federal power — an approach that can be challenging in civil rights cases that frequently revolve around the power of “rogue” state laws, University of Denver law professor Justin Marceau told the Denver Post.

“We would see a judge who, while perhaps not as combative in personal style as Justice Scalia, is perhaps his intellectual equal,” Marceau said, “and almost certainly his equal on conservative jurisprudential approaches to criminal justice and social justice issues that are bound to keep coming up in the country.”

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