Confession: I’ve recently started getting into country music — a genre of music that used to make me want to change the radio station as fast as possible.
But as uncharacteristic as it is for me to delve into that genre, it makes sense for the way I react to the world around me, according to a recent study published in PLOS ONE.
In the study, researchers found that the types of music you like are linked to the way you process information.
The study was based off the idea that there are two ways people respond to their surroundings:
The first way is called empathizing, where someone is socially apt and can easily interact with those around them. The second way, called systemizing, describes a less sociable way of interaction where the individual interacts with others based on a pre-set notion of how they think they should act.
For example, when asked by a friend if their new hair cut looks good, a systemizer would tell the truth without considering their friend’s feelings while an empathyzer would fudge the truth and saw what they thought would make their friend feel good. This type of systemizing is more common in men than women, according to a 2005 study.
In fact, this hypothetical haircut situation is one of the pyschological questions that psychologists from the University of Cambridge asked about 4,000 study subjets, who were recruited through a Facebook app.
First, the participants took a survey that asked psychological questions to determine whether they empathise, systemize, or had a balance of the two. To figure that out, participants answered questions like “I always get emotional while watching movies” with strongly disagree, disagree, agree, or strongly agree.
To rule out predispositions to certain types of music, they asked the participants to evaluate 50 songs from 26 genres and subgenres.
They found that empathic people tended to like mellow, unpretentious or contemporary tunes such as Norah Jones’ “Come away with me” or Jeff Buckley’s “Hallelujah.” This kind of music included country and folk songs, which is most likely where my recent obsession with country music factors in.
The songs could express negative emotions or be a trendy techno song — the empathizers were into it. But, ask the empathizers to listen to punk or heavy metal, and their reactions weren’t as favourable.
Systemizing people, on the other hand, tended to like high-energy music that conveyed positive emotions. Songs with a fair amount of complexity, like a complicated piece of classical music. People whose answers didn’t have a clear distinction between systemizer or empathizer tended to have a mix of both music tastes.
Here’s a graph of what kind of music empathizers (Type E), systemizers (Type S) or balanced (Type B) liked. The more positive the score, the more that group of people liked that particular musical characteristic. The more negative the score, the more people of certain groups disliked that musical characteristic.
The mean age of the people involved in the study were around their mid-twenties, but some participants were as old as 61. The researchers controlled for gender and age. Even with gender and age playing a role, the connection between empathizer/sympathizer type and taste in music was still strong.
Knowing what types of music people like based on how they process information could be important information for companies like Spotify and Apple Music. “By knowing an individual’s thinking style, such services might in future be able to fine tune their music recommendations to an individual,” lead researcher David Greenberg said in a news release.
Interested in seeing if your thinking style matches your taste in music? Here’s a quiz that can help you determine whether you empathise, systemize, or do a little of both.
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