RANKED: The 21 most valuable soccer players in Europe right now

A prominent research group in Switzerland has put together a list of “estimated transfer values” for the most expensive footballers in Europe – and the veteran striker Cristiano Ronaldo barely makes the list.

The FC Barcelona forward Lionel Messi has also been kicked out of the top five, as younger players continue to replace two of soccer’s most established superstars.

Football think tank CIES Football Observatory adopts a “scientific perspective” to its methodology, taking into consideration six factors when putting a price on the head of Europe’s top players:

  1. Player performance: The quality and consistency of their form
  2. Player performance in relation to their club:Are they the star player?
  3. International status: How established are they for their country?
  4. Contract: Players with longer deals are more expensive
  5. Age: Younger players command higher fees
  6. Position: Goal scorers are more expensive than goalkeepers

Without further ado, here are the 21 most valuable footballers in England’s Premier League, Spain’s La Liga, Germany’s Bundesliga, Italy’s Serie A, and France’s Ligue 1, ranked in ascending order.

Read all of Business Insider’s coverage for the 2018-2019 world soccer season here.

21: Luis Suárez, FC Barcelona — €110.6 million ($US127 million)

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20: Bernardo Silva, Manchester City — €112.2 million ($US127.8 million)

19: Sadio Mané, Liverpool FC — €122.8 million ($US141 million)

18: Cristiano Ronaldo, Juventus FC — €123.6 million ($US142 million)

17: Paul Pogba, Manchester United — €130.5 million ($US150 million)

16: Gabriel Jesus, Manchester City — €130.8 million ($US150.1 million)

15: Eden Hazard, Chelsea FC — €142.7 million ($US163.8 million)

14: Roberto Firmino, Liverpool FC — €146 million ($US167.5 million)

13: Leroy Sané, Manchester City — €150 million ($US172 million)

12: Kevin de Bruyne, Manchester City — €150.4 million ($US172.6 million)

11: Paulo Dybala, Juventus — €155.6 million ($US178.6 million)

10: Antoine Griezmann, Atlético Madrid — €157.7 million ($US181 million)

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9: Dele Alli, Tottenham Hotspur — €163.4 million ($US187.4 million)

8: Romelu Lukaku, Manchester United — €164.3 million ($US188.3 million)

7: Raheem Sterling, Manchester City — €164.6 million ($US188.7 million)

6: Lionel Messi, FC Barcelona — €170.6 million ($US195.6 million)

5: Philippe Coutinho, FC Barcelona — €171.3 million ($US196.5 million)

4: Mohamed Salah, Liverpool FC — €173 million ($US198.5 million)

3: Neymar, Paris Saint-Germain — €197 million ($US226 million)

2: Harry Kane, Tottenham Hotspur — €197.3 million ($US226.5million)

1: Kylian Mbappé, Paris Saint-Germain — €216.5 million ($US248.6 million)

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