US President Donald Trump’s new national security adviser, Lt. Gen H. R. McMaster, has a reputation as a “warrior-scholar” and positions that make him appear an almost complete reversal from former national security adviser Michael Flynn.
Throughout his career, McMaster has established himself as a hawk against Russia’s leveraging of geopolitical power to further their influence and a defender of the integrity of Muslim civilians caught up in the US’s Middle Eastern campaign.
As the director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center, McMaster worked on envisioning the Army’s structure in 2025 and beyond, which means countering the growing, multi-faceted threat from Russia.
In a 2016 speech to the Virginia Military Institute, McMasters stressed the need for the US to have “strategic vision” in its fight against “hostile revisionist powers” — such as Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran — who “annex territory, intimidate our allies, develop nuclear weapons, and use proxies under the cover of modernised conventional militaries.”
McMasters’ speech framed the issue around geopolitics, instead of military strategy or deployments.
“Geopolitics have returned as US rivals from Europe to the greater Middle East to East Asia attempt to collapse the post-WWII economic and security order,” said McMaster.
In McMaster’s view, the US needs to establish what a “win” means when it comes to threats, including non-military sources of leverage.
“Establishing an objective other than winning is not only counter-productive but also irresponsible and wasteful. Under some circumstances, an objective other than winning is unethical,” McMaster said at the VMI, evoking his past criticisms of both the Iraq and Vietnam wars.
In 1997, McMaster published “Dereliction of Duty,” on the strategic failures of the Vietnam War, which was a part of his Ph.D. thesis at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. California Rep. Adam Schiff, a Democrat, said in a tweet that McMaster “wrote the book on importance of standing up” to the President
McMaster doesn’t fall in line with the hardline view of Muslims held by Flynn and White House chief strategist Steve Bannon that led Trump to issue an executive order banning immigration and travel from seven majority-Muslim nations.
In an interview with NPR, Schiff said that McMaster once began “dressing down” a subordinate who suggested that the Afghan military officials the US was working with had an “innate tendency” towards corruption.
At the 2016 VMI speech, McMaster blamed groups like ISIS for “cynically use a perverted version of religion,” to push their hardline beliefs.
This contrasts sharply with recently ousted national security adviser Michael Flynn, who once tweeted that “Fear of Muslims is RATIONAL” and included a link to a YouTube video that claims the religion of Islam wants “80% of people enslaved or exterminated.”
Ultimately, it was Flynn’s overly open relationship with Russia that brought about his resignation, as recorded calls with the Russian ambassador revealed that Flynn had discussed easing of Obama-era sanctions against Moscow.
On the National Security Council, McMaster will have to contend with Bannon and senior adviser Stephen Miller, authors of Trump’s immigration ban.
Business Insider Emails & Alerts
Site highlights each day to your inbox.