Macy’s recently announced that a new CEO will take over.
Longtime executive Jeff Gennette will become the company’s CEO in the first quarter of 2017. He will replace Terry Lundgren, who has been CEO for more than a decade, according to a statement. Lundgren will stay on the board as a chairman.
It’s already a crucial time for Macy’s. Sales have been sliding for several quarters. Gennette will have some issues to deal with when he ascends to his position as CEO.
Here are some core problems with which Macy’s is currently dealing.
1. Traffic problems
“The number of transactions declined 7% in the quarter, which is far worse than what was experienced last year,” CFO Karen Hoguet said on a recent earnings call. “This is the proxy, as you know, for traffic.”
The company has blamed a decline in spending on apparel — which is true — but it might also be because the company isn’t people a real reason to come into the stores, something that’s harder than ever thanks to the rise of e-commerce.
Neil Saunders, CEO of consulting firm Conlumino, put it in a note to clients, “The blunt truth is that Macy’s does not give consumers a reason to visit its stores,” Neil Saunders, CEO of the retail consulting firm Conlumino, wrote in a note to clients Wednesday. “In many locations shops are simply not up to par: they are poorly merchandised, hard to shop, lack any inspiration, and have fairly mediocre customer service. Some of this is about a lack of capital investment, but some is about a lack of basic shop-keeping standards.”
The company is looking for ways to boost traffic, but they seem to just be undercutting its efforts — like launching in-store off-price sections.
“We have to make stores more productive – all of us box stores,” CEO Terry Lundgren told CNBC. “Customers buying online have got to find more reasons to visit.”
To make things worse, a decline in American mall traffic would hurt any Macy’s located in a mall — and then when an anchor store falters and closes, a mall suffers, too. It’s a vicious cycle.
Macy’s appears to have realised that it needs to capitalise on how young people want to spend on experiences and health and wellness in order to boost traffic.
“Let me start with we absolutely agree with you that we need to work hard to make the bricks and mortar experience a lot more exciting and we’re working on that and trying to test some concepts, one of which actually is the whole health and wellness,” Hoguet said on a recent earnings call.
2. Loss of premiere positioning
Macy’s flagship store in Herald Square serves as evidence of how the store is at risk of losing its premiere positioning. Everything was haphazard and in disarray, showing a lack of care from employees. If the store doesn’t care — how can consumers care? And how can they come back? And why would they ever want to pay a premium? (Fortunately, they don’t have to since everything’s on sale.)
Macy’s is currently working to become high-end again, though. In Ohio, it’s testing out a new model that will incorporate high-end experiences like a spa and mini lifestyle “stores,” such as a fitness section.
3. Excessive discounting and a focus on the off-price business
Not only are there tons of sales at Macy’s, giving consumers little to no to reason to pay full price, but the company has also been focusing on its off-price business. The company has plans to open up off-price Backstage Stores, which discount apparel up to 80% off. Macy’s has off-price sections in its stores, too.
The goal is to help the overall business.
“When you open it in-store, the capital is less, but then there is also more cannibalization of the existing store,” CFO Karen Hoguet said on a conference call with analysts in February.
But the Last Act section in the Herald Square store showed a bleak new reality of the state of Macy’s.
Gennette has been President of Macy’s from 2014. Given his internal status, it’s unclear how much will potentially change in the coming years.
And more concerning is that some problems that Macy’s is facing remain true for most of traditional, mall-based retailers, from the imminent threat of Amazon and the aforementioned impending death of malls.
Hoguet has spoken directly to the unseasonable weather for the company’s troubling sales, too.
“We did have warmer weather than usual in February and March, which hurt our cold weather sales, and when we got to April and the weather was cooler, it impacted the warm weather sales, but I’m not sure why digital would change that,” she said on a recent earnings call.
This is a problem that has been plaguing pretty much any retailer that doesn’t have a speedy supply chain or a business model like fast fashion behemoth Zara.
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