- America’s famous ghost towns weren’t always abandoned and dilapidated.
- The mining town of Bannack, Minnesota, was once home to 3,000 miners.
- The infamous Centralia, Pennsylvania, was once a mining town with over 2,000 residents.
- Ludlow, Colorado, too, was a mining town but a deadly massacre brought its demise.
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Today, there are ghost towns sprinkled all over the US that turned into travel destinations and fascinate tourists.
But these abandoned communities did not always have dilapidated buildings and eerie emptiness. If you could travel back in time to the early 1900s, you would see that they were thriving economic centres that housed residents who lived full lives there.
Here’s what some of the most famous American ghost towns were like in their prime.
In 1903, the Kennecott Mining Corporation built a mining town on top of a glacier in Alaska.
Miners flocked to this copper-rich region to make money. The miners worked seven days a week and lived on the grounds. The men would then send the money they earned back to their families. During its peak, the Kennecott mining town made $US200 million worth of ore.
By 1938, the region ran out of ore and the town shut down for good.
Though Kennecott still stands, the ghost town is in ruins. It has been named a National Historic Landmark, however, that people still visit today.
Like Kennecott, there was a mining town in California called Bodie that once had 10,000 residents.
In the late 1800s, Waterman S. Body found gold in the hills near Mono Lake in California. By 1879, many had flocked to the area, the town quickly becoming known as Bodie. Over 25 years, the town produced $US15 million worth of gold. At its peak, over 10,000 people lived and worked in the town, which had over 2,000 buildings.
Bodie had saloons, dance halls, and hotels. The town also earned a reputation for lawlessness, as street fights, gun fights, and thievery became common.
By the 1940s, Bodie became a ghost town and now operates as a tourist destination.
Today, Bodie is a State Historic Park and a National Historic Landmark. Instead of miners, tourists now flock there to experience the old mining town on eerie ghost walks.
Bannack, Minnesota, was another mining town that opened in the late 1800s.
But Bannack is perhaps more well known for its infamous sheriff Henry Plummer, who secretly led a murderous gang known as “The Innocents.” During Plummer and his gang’s reign, they killed 102 people and stole from many more.
By the 1950s, Bannack became a ghost town.
The town has now turned into Bannack State Park, offering visitors a number of activities including ghost tours, ice skating, and camping. Sixty structures from the original Bannack still stand, including the jail cells Plummer built when he was sheriff.
Centralia, Pennsylvania, was once a booming mining town.
In the late 1800s, Centralia, Pennsylvania was a booming mining town, dependent on coal. In 1890, there were 2,700 residents in Centralia, which also had shops and entertainment.
In the 1900s, the town turned one of the old mining shafts into a dump. In an effort to get rid of all the garbage that had accumulated, the town attempted to burn all of the trash. But the fire spread throughout Centralia.
Today, the coal is still burning deep within the earth, making Centralia uninhabitable.
The government bought out all the residents of Centralia,as multiple deaths and health risks were reported. Today, people visit the abandoned town and make their mark on Graffiti Highway.
Thurmond, West Virginia, was once a thriving railroad town in the early 1900s.
Captain William D. Thurmond decided to purchase and develop 73 acres of land in West Virginia near the C&O Railroad. After 1903, the town quickly became an important stop on the railway for coal and miners, as it had a great steam engine repair shop.
Thurmond declined in the ’50s when diesel engines were introduced.
Thurmond no longer served a purpose when diesel engines were introduced into the railroad industry. The town is now considered a ghost town and offers tourist activities.
Calico, Califonia, is yet another mining town that boomed during the 1800s.
Calico was the idyllic Wild West mining town, with 500 mines. During its time in operation, the town produced $US20 million in silver.
At the end of the 19th century, silver lost its value, as did Calico.
After its decline, Calico became a ghost town. In the 1950s, however, the town was restored and became a State Historical Landmark. Then Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger said the town is “California’s Silver Rush Ghost Town.”
In the early 1900s, Ludlow, Colorado, was the site of a deadly massacre.
Ludlow was a mining town of over 8,000 people. In 1913, the miners went on strike to demand better pay and safer working conditions. They set up a tent city in front of the mines, so they couldn’t be pushed out. But the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company would often ransack the makeshift city. It all came to a head in April 1914 when the National Guardsmen were called in and murdered 25 people, including 11 children.
After the massacre, Ludlow became a ghost town.
Parts of the old mining town can still be visited today, including the school, the memorial site, the cellar where the children were killed, and the tents where the residents lived.
- Read more:
- THEN AND NOW: What 12 abandoned places in the US looked like before they became ruins
- 55 abandoned places around the world and the eerie stories behind them
- The most haunted spot in every state
- 35 abandoned places in the US and the history behind them
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