Lance Armstrong and several doctors and others involved with his former cycling teams have just been hit with formal doping charges by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).If the USADA’s “Review Board” upholds these charges, the USADA has the power to strip Armstrong of his 7 Tour de France victories and ban him from all further participation in organised sports.
We’ve now read the USADA’s allegations in detail. They’re similar to the allegations that have been made in increasing detail against Armstrong for years.
We’ve spelled them out in the following slides.
In addition to accusing Armstrong of blood-doping, the USADA alleges that he and the other “co-conspirators” organised a decade-long cover-up that included lying under oath and retaliating against witnesses.
Armstrong quickly and emphatically denied the charges. As he has before, he did not just invoke the typical carefully worded statement about never having failed a drug test. Rather, he said, definitively, that he has “never doped.”
The complaint details 6 specific doping violations, starting with EPO, a drug that enhances the production of red blood cells.
And, sixth, saline and plasma infusions, which are designed to mask the techniques above and ensure that riders' blood-cell counts remained within legal limits.
Some of the evidence against Armstrong is based on the testimony of witnesses who say they saw him dope or say he told them about it.
A Swiss doctor says that Armstrong failed a urine test in 2001 during the Tour de Switzerland. Some witnesses (including, presumably, former teammate Tyler Hamilton), say that Armstrong told them about this.
The USADA alleges that the doping involved a conspiracy of many members of Armstrong's racing teams, as detailed here...
Lastly, the agency alleges that Armstrong and his co-conspirators agreed to cover up the doping and that the cover-up including lying under oath and witness tampering.
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