For a third month in the past four, Japanese industrial production has fallen.
According to the preliminary estimate released by the government, activity contracted 2.2% in May following a 1.2% gain in April.
The decline was far greater than the median market forecast for a drop of 0.8%.
Looking ahead, manufacturers see production increasing by 1.5% in June, up from 0.5% seen in the previous estimate.
While the industrial production data missed there was some better news on retail sales. In the year to May sales rose by 3.0%, above forecasts for an increase of 2.3%. While a beat, the figure was below the 4.9% gain previously recorded in April.