On July 3, 292 Iraqis lost their lives in ISIS’ deadliest attack thus far.
In a crowded street in Baghdad’s Karrada neighbourhood, a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) was detonated after midnight, causing nearby dwellings to be engulfed in flames.
Many residents were trapped inside the inferno and burned to death — it was estimated that merely 20 to 30 people had perished from the initial explosion.
But investigators at the scene are now concerned with another potential threat: A new type of bomb may have been developed and used by the terrorist group.
“We’ve never seen it before, and it’s very worrying,” a Western security source in Baghdad told the BBC.
So far, investigators have determined that the type of explosives and the way the chemicals were assembled in the van differed from the traditional methods inside the war-torn country.
This may explain how the explosion from the VBIED had left no distinctive crater, and that the impact from the initial explosion left buildings in the neighbourhood still intact.
Explosive experts explained to the BBC that the chemical composition was unique and that it was difficult to make.
“We are used to big fires but the chemicals in this bomb were used for the first time in Iraq,” said Brigadier General Kadhim Bashir Saleh of the Civil Defence Force. “It was unique, strange, and terrible.”
Other unnamed experts told the BBC that the blast itself was “as hot as the surface of the sun”.
Investigators believe that the bomb makers, who most likely assembled the explosives in nearby Fallujah, took an Internet-available formula and adjusted it to increase its volatility. The adjustments also made the bomb more difficult for Iraqi security forces to detect before the detonation.
ISIS has found considerable success in using VBIEDs for both terror attacks and as a military tactic. A Baghdad police captain had previously referred to ISIS bombs as “works of art” due to their precision and ability to cause mass casualties.
Iraqi security forces believe that the majority of ISIS’ VBIEDs are constructed in the areas around Fallujah, which was recently retaken by Baghdad from the terror group. In order to help limit the flow of these weapons out of the area and into Baghdad, only 40 miles away, Iraq has started to dig a giant trench around Fallujah. The goal is to force all traffic onto a single road in and out of the city to allow for better screening of vehicles.
Business Insider Emails & Alerts
Site highlights each day to your inbox.