A major report prepared by the United Nations body for climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, has called for “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society”.
The report, which is based on more than 6,000 scientific references from 91 authors across 40 countries, including those from Australian researchers, outlines the impacts of global warming of 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels.
The scientists claim increased temperatures are leading to extreme weather, rising sea levels, and diminishing Arctic sea ice, among other changes to the environment.
Australian professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg of the University of Queensland says: “The report strongly concludes that climate change is already affecting people, ecosystems and livelihood all around the world and that is beyond reasonable doubt that humans are responsible.”
Here are the key insights and actions points recommended in the report, courtesy of the Australian Academy of Science: