In 2013, Ebony Horton realised that she needed to overhaul her lifestyle.
Working an entry-level job in Washington, DC, Horton earned a mere $US38,000 a year — barely enough to cover her living expenses, let alone make a dent in the more than $US100,000 she owed in student loans.
“I was struggling to survive,” Horton, now 31, told Business Insider. “[My boyfriend and I] had two cars, but I couldn’t even afford to get a parking pass for the second car, so it was constantly getting towed. It was just one thing after another.”
Between her undergraduate years and going back to school for her MBA, Horton had racked up $US132,000 in loans, which ballooned to more than $US220,000 with interest. She deferred them for two years after earning her MBA, but soon they became impossible to avoid. She began educating herself on personal finance — particularly through the books of Dave Ramsey and Suze Orman — and started devising her own plan to pay back her loans as quickly as possible.
To make that happen, Horton knew she would have to make changes to both cut costs and boost her income.
She had toyed with the idea of moving back in with her parents to save on rent, and when her father had a stroke in 2013, she knew it was time to make the transition.
Back home in Joliet, Illinois, Horton took a job as an operations manager at the nonprofit her mother runs. The salary was comparable to what she made in DC, but the cost of living was drastically less. She doubled down on her student loan payments, setting the lofty goal of paying them off entirely in a year.
Horton and her boyfriend tied the knot soon after the move. As a wedding gift, Horton’s mother gave the couple a condo — she had purchased it at an auction — which became crucial to wiping away the hefty student loan tab.
Horton and her husband lived in the condo for three months, but then they decided to move in with her grandparents down the street and started renting out the condo to bring in extra income.
The income boost made a huge difference — so they decided to double down.
Horton’s husband had the idea of buying another rental unit to increase their cash flow even further. Though Horton was reluctant at first, she eventually agreed. They ponied up all the cash they could muster for a $US42,000 two-unit condo, allowing Horton to rake in even more funds to put toward her loans.
The strategy worked so well that the couple ended up purchasing another $US55,000 unit shortly thereafter.
When Horton’s grandparents moved back down south, she returned to her parents’ house, refusing to live in one of her rental properties when it could be bringing in extra income.
“I didn’t want another set back, I wanted to put that money toward my student loans,” she said.
All told, Horton says she and her husband were putting 95% of their combined incomes toward Horton’s student loans, making payments of roughly $US10,000 a month.
Horton committed fully to her goal and was willing to make tall sacrifices to reach it. When one of the couple’s cars stopped working, Horton began walking or biking four miles to work, rather than divert cash toward buying another vehicle.
“I left a very little amount of money for me, just enough for us to eat off of,” Horton said. “I moved in with my parents, or I was living with my grandparents. I kept scaling back so that I could pay it off.”
In early 2017, that day came: Horton made her final loan payment. In just over three years, she had put a grand total of $US220,561.21 toward becoming debt-free. Though it took longer than her original goal of just one year, Horton’s dedication to repayment is nothing to scoff at.
“You have to stick with it,” she says. “You have to be willing to make some very drastic sacrifices, and you have to be creative in the ways that you produce extra income.”
Now that her loans are a thing of the past, Horton wants to continue buying and renting out properties. She has her sights set on finding real estate in downtown Chicago next. Horton is also writing a book, and she hopes to one day be able to speak to high school and college-aged students about how to take on loans and responsibly pay them back.
To anyone who feels overwhelmed by the prospect of taking on student loans — or paying back debt they have already incurred — Horton has a simple message: “I just want them to feel empowered that they can pay if off. If I can do it, anybody can.”