Here's What Would Happen If Greece Left The Euro

I have often said that Greece would be able to better serve its citizenry in the long-term if it regained its monetary sovereignty by leaving the EMU and restructuring its debt.  ING recently detailed a potential scenario should that occur.  According to ING, while the results would be harmful, they would not be the end of the world as many presume:

1. Scenario I: a ‘stage-managed’ exit of Greece

  • At the mild end of the spectrum, the most plausible scenario is that Greece is the only country to exit the Eurozone.
  • Greece is the most challenged from a solvency and a competitiveness perspective, and it is most observers’ favourite candidate for leaving EMU.
  • The modest size of the Greek economy means that its departure would be far less disruptive than if one of the bigger economies were to leave.
  • Our assumption is that Greece’s exit does not happen in a chaotic manner. The Eurozone and IMF would provide medium-term funding to ease the pain of Greece’s  exit.
  • The Greek exit gives further impetus for reforms in other highly-indebted countries such as Spain and Portugal.

In scenario 1, Greek exit, the impact  is clearly heaviest in Greece itself, there would be non-trivial effects on the rest of Europe. Greece suffers a deeper recession in 2011 than in our baseline, with GDP 7½% lower. Other Eurozone countries suffer falls in output of up to 1%Given Greece’s large twin deficits we see the new Greek Drachma falling 80% against the EUR.

What would be the impact on specific markets?

  • Credit spreads in core countries widen but less than their periphery counterparts.  General spread widening is muted in comparison to the credit crisis of 2008.
  • Nonetheless, even core German corporate credit spreads widen by 90bp in 2010.
  • Contagion sees spreads rise by some 130bp in other peripheral markets for A rated corporate debt. In terms of BBB ABS the periphery sees spreads blow but by 200bp in RMBS, 400bp in credit cards and 700bp in auto loans.
  • But none get close to credit crisis peaks. Later in 2011 there is some retracement, but not towards current levels.

Source: ING


This guest post previously appeared at The Pragmatic Capitalist >

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